Daily updates on climate change and the global economy.

3rd June 2022 Today’s Round-Up of Climate News

Record methane spike boosts heat trapped by greenhouse gases.

“Greenhouse gases trapped 49 percent more heat in 2021 than in 1990, as emissions continued to rise rapidly, according to NOAA…

“Our data show that global emissions continue to move in the wrong direction at a rapid pace,” said NOAA Administrator Rick Spinrad.”


How humid air, intensified by climate change, is melting Greenland ice…

“In a study released Thursday, Jason Box and his colleagues illuminate how an atmospheric river caused the August 2021 melt event and brought rain to the summit. The explanation foretells a future that could be increasingly common as global temperatures rise…”


The last hunt? Future in peril for [Narwhals] ‘the unicorn of the sea’…

“…the appetite for the marine mammals is causing conflict between scientists, who say hunting must be banned to protect populations of the cetacean in east Greenland from collapsing, and hunters, who accuse scientists of disregarding their culture and deep understanding of the sea.”


‘Significant’ amounts of mercury in permafrost threatens Arctic food supply, research says…

“”We’re starting to see evidence of that natural mercury entering rivers, lakes and ultimately the Arctic Ocean,” said Peter Outridge, a scientist with the Geological Survey of Canada. A recently published paper in the journal Nature Reviews says 200 tonnes of mercury end up in the Arctic Ocean each year.”


Thousands of flood-damaged sites need repairs in Manitoba, tab already tens of millions and growing.

The devastation from the wettest Manitoba spring in over a century is still being catalogued, but officials say there are thousands of sites that need repairs, with a repair tab that is already into the tens of millions of dollars.”


Sweeping water restrictions begin in Southern California as drought worsens…

“The conservation rules, among the strictest ever imposed in the state, were set by the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California, one of the largest water distributors in the country.”


City of Phoenix issues water alert amid drought…

“There is less and less water in the Colorado River, and the federal government is working with the seven states who use the water to manage the changing conditions. The record-low levels of Lake Powell and Lake Mead are also troubling and experts’ predictions say it’ll only get worse.”


San Antonio breaks weather records as meteorological summer begins.

“…for San Antonians summer-like weather became the new normal in May. San Antonians experienced 27 days of above-average temperatures in May, making it the hottest May on record for the Alamo City. Eight days saw record-breaking heat.”


Texas power use hits monthly record again with many more to come.

“Power demand in Texas reached the highest level ever recorded in the month of May on Tuesday and will likely break the record for June on Wednesday as economic growth boosts overall usage and hot weather causes homes and businesses to crank up their air conditioners.”


Felled and Burned: Deforestation in Peru’s Amazon…

“As a resource-rich forest, the Peruvian Amazon is being plundered at an accelerated rate. In 2020, Peru reached the highest levels of deforestation in the country’s history, with a total of 203,272 hectares razed, almost 40 percent more than in 2019.”


‘Consequences will be dire’: Chile’s water crisis is reaching breaking point…

“In hundreds of rural communities in the centre and north of the country, Chileans are forced to rely on emergency tankers to deliver drinking water… “Water has become a national security issue – it’s that serious,” said Pablo García-Chevesich, a Chilean hydrologist working at the University of Arizona.”


An emergency scheme to combat drought has been introduced in Scotland while much of the country has been given an early warning of water scarcity.

“Emergency bottled water will be provided to households in the event of water shortages, the Scottish Government has confirmed…”


Record low wild salmon catch in Scotland alarms ecologists…

“The latest official data shows that 35,693 Atlantic salmon were caught by anglers on Scottish rivers last year, the lowest number since records began in 1952 and just 75% of the average over the last five years.”


Last month was the third warmest May in Ireland in over a century for Ireland, according to provisional statistics from Met Eireann…

“Met Éireann said the higher than average temperatures this May were due to “higher than usual overnight temperatures.”


France Waters Green Spaces With Swimming Pool Water to Combat Drought…

“Nearly the entire country is expected to be affected by drought this summer, and the southeastern and western regions will be especially impacted, Connexion France reported last month. No area in France is without drought risk this summer…”


Global heating is turning white Alps green, study finds…

“Vegetated areas above the treeline in the Alps have increased by 77% since 1984, the study says. While retreating glaciers have symbolised the speed of global heating in the Alpine region, researchers described the increases in plant biomass as an “absolutely massive” change.”


Rare ‘orchid of the falls’ species declared extinct in the wild… Saxicolella deniseae was believed to be endemic to a single location along the Konkouré River in the Republic of Guinea, West Africa, now home to several newly constructed hydroelectric dams supplying energy to the region.”


Angola faces most damaging drought in 40 years.

“The three southernmost provinces of Angola are suffering a fifth consecutive year of drought, decimating crops, killing livestock and pushing already-rising food prices still higher. Some 1.6 million people in Cunene, Huila and Namibe now face “high levels of acute food-insecurity”…”


Recent KZN [South Africa] floods are ‘by far’ the largest natural catastrophe in [insurer] Santam’s history…

“This means the disaster was more severe on the insurer’s pocket than the 2019 Durban Easter floods that left 89 people dead; the 2017 Knysna fires; the flash floods in Durban and Gauteng, also in 2017; or the flooding on the Garden Route in November 2021.”


The next few days the temperatures will rise in the Middle East and approach and possibly touch the 50C [122F] for the first time in 2022 (so far reached only in Australia and in Pakistan). While Turkey tomorrow might record the earliest 45C in its history (44.8C today). Stay tuned.”


The Middle East has had a dust storms nearly every week since March.

“The most recent blanketed Syria on Thursday, shrouding Idlib Province in an orange cloud… High-level officials in Iraq, Iran and Syria met on Thursday to speak about fighting the continuous dust storms.”


Pakistan: Blame game between Punjab, Sindh continues amid water crisis…

“Amid the rising water crisis in the provinces, the blame game between Punjab and Sindh continues as Sindh officials accuse their counterparts in Punjab of not agreeing to an independent evaluation by the Wapda’s International Sedimentation Research Institute.”


South Asia water scarcity alarms White House.

“A White House report on Thursday warned that inter-state water disputes in South Asia were increasing, and while the Indo-Pak Indus Waters Treaty “has withstood six decades and four Indo-Pakistan wars”, it is now “facing pressure due to regional population growth and disagreement over hydropower use”.”


Forest fire area grows 23 times in N Kazakhstan… 22 wildfires stretching over 725 ha were recorded in North Kazakhstan since the beginning of the fire season.

“The number of wildfires grew by 57% while the wildfire area increased by 23 times as compared to the last year, Kazinform reports… Besides, 45 steppe fires occurred in the region which is 35% more against the same period of the previous year.”


Torrential rain continues to batter southern and central China, threatening lives.

“Flooding continues to wreak havoc on the lives of residents in central and southern China as torrential rains that started in late May 2022, submerged homes and washed away crops. Rescue teams have been deployed to various regions to help evacuate villagers to safety.”


Extinction obituary: how the Bramble Cay melomys became the first mammal lost to the climate crisis…

“Bramble Cay [Papua New Guinea] is only a little larger than an average US shopping mall. The highest point is about 10 feet above sea level. But it was a lifeboat for the melomyses, who were some of the most isolated mammals in the world.”


‘Like a bomb going off’: Tornadoes wreak havoc on Kāpiti Coast [New Zealand]…

“There was chaos on the Kāpiti Coast on Wednesday after two tornadoes ripped through… It comes just a few weeks after 20 properties were written off and many others damaged when a much larger tornado ripped through nearby Levin.”


Tropical night in winter: Record warmth in New Zealand in this start of December, the subtropical island of Raoul (Kermadec group, 29S) had a summer like minimum temperature of 20.7C [69.3F] on 2 June.

“Some more minimums >15C were also recorded in mainland New Zealand.”


You can read the previous ‘Climate’ thread here. I’ll be back tomorrow with an ‘Economic’ thread.

If you found value in this content, please help me continue this work by becoming a patron of my work via Patreon. And if you are already a subscriber or have donated – thank you! It is a huge help, especially as the cost of living crisis is biting here in the UK.

1st June 2022 Today’s Round-Up of Climate News

Hurricane Agatha made history as the strongest hurricane ever recorded to come ashore in May during the eastern Pacific hurricane center, making landfall on a sparsely populated stretch of small beach towns and fishing villages in southern Mexico.

“The storm came ashore in Oaxaca state Monday afternoon as a strong Category 2 hurricane, with maximum sustained winds of 105 mph (165kph)…”


At least 11 people have been killed in flooding and mudslides caused by Hurricane Agatha in Mexico.

“The governor of the southern state of Oaxaca said some victims were buried under mud and rocks, while others were swept away in homes after rivers burst their banks.”


The death toll from flooding and landslides following torrential rains in northeast Brazil has reached 100, the AFP news agency and Brazil’s Folha de S Paulo newspaper have reported, citing local officials.

“Mudslides have devastated entire impoverished communities outside the city of Recife, the capital of Pernambuco state.”


A dolphin ended up in a family’s front porch in a village in Iranduba [Amazonas], Brazil, after the region was hit by heavy flooding.

“This video shows the family hand-feeding and stroking the dolphin. The footage was filmed in Vila de Paricatuba, which suffered flooding after the nearby Rio Negro burst its banks.”


Archaeologists are in a race against time to save a collection of undersea Stone Age cave art from rising sea levels and plastic pollution.

“To get to the 30,000-year-old paintings, they first have to dive to the bottom of the Mediterranean off southern France, before navigating a 450ft (137m) tunnel and eventually reaching a huge cavern that is now mostly submerged.”


Denmark sees sunniest spring in history…

“On average, a spring in Denmark sees 556 hours of sunshine – a figure that 2022 has shattered by over 150 hours. As the day ended on May 31 – the last day of spring – Denmark had amassed 711.4 hours of sunshine, just pipping the previous record of 710.3 hours set in 2020.”


Is Italy heading towards water disputes?

“…Especially in the north of Italy, the urgency of the disrupted water cycle is more relevant than ever. In Veneto, a region that is no stranger to extreme weather events, a prolonged period of drought has been putting at great risk the production of the many Venetian agricultural excellencies. Water tables are at an all-time low…”


Rainfall across Europe disrupted by climate change.

“A new study has for the first time shown that human induced greenhouse gas emissions are directly responsible for the long term trends of drying in the Mediterranean and increasing rainfall over the rest of Europe during winter.”


The Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NiMET) has said that at least 10 northern cities would record high temperatures of over 40°C [104F] for the next three days

“He mentioned the northern cities as parts of Kebbi, Sokoto, Zamfara, Katsina, Kano, Jigawa, Bauchi, Gombe, Yobe, and Borno States.”


Six Million Somalians Hit by Severe Drought Conditions…

““Some people are starting to die and the situation is turning into a famine, Abdirahman Abdishakur Warsame, a special presidential envoy for drought response told reporters in the capital, Mogadishu. “Urgent assistance is needed.”


One more monthly record of May highest temperature in Turkey today: Cankiri with 35.5C [95.9F] beat the previous record set in May 2020. Period of records is 94 years.”


Landslides multiply amid sudden heat surges in Turkey.

“More than 2,000 landslides occurred this winter, at times when the temperatures rapidly increased after cold, snowy spells. Although not all were deadly or inflicted serious damage, their scope points to the growing risk of the catastrophic event fueled by global warming.”


Drought Reveals Ruins Of 3,400-Year-Old City By The Tigris River… Again.

“Three years ago a drought lowered the height of the Mosul Reservoir in Iraqi Kurdistan and briefly revealed a city that archaeologists think might be Zakhiku, a center of the Bronze Age Mittani Empire. Now, the dry conditions have returned, presenting a major threat to the people of Iraq, but benefiting archaeologists by giving them a second chance to explore the important site.”


Delhi hailstorm aftermath: Jama Masjid dome damaged, 16° C drop in temp, 2 dead.

“Heavy rains and hailstorm lashed national capital Delhi on Monday after the city had been suffering from sweltering heat. The hailstorm damaged many cars, brought traffic to a grinding halt, left trees uprooted and led to power outages in various parts of the capital on Monday.”


Heavy rains lash Jammu; flash floods in Devak river disrupt normal life.

“A flash flood that occurred in Devak River in Parmandal area, when heavy rains lashed Samba district and rest of the Jammu on Monday hit normal life. During the early morning hours, heavy rains with strong winds lashed Jammu…”


Relentless heat in China with temperatures again of 40C in Xinjianag (40.9C / 105.6F] at Turpan) and in Hebei Province (39.9C at Pingshan).

May 2022 has been record hot in the NW (up to +4C above average) but cooler than average in the tropics. Monthly record also at Aki in Japan with 29.7C.”


[Japan] The frequency of torrential downpours in July increased 3.8 fold over the 45-year period up to 2020, the Meteorological Research Institute (MRI) has announced.

“A series of disasters caused by torrential downpours have occurred in July in recent years. Elongated bands of precipitation were observed in connection with heavy rains in western Japan in 2018, and with the heavy rain in the Kyushu region in 2020.”


Lismore residents [NSW, Australia] have told of fights breaking out between members of the public trying to help and officials attempting to implement a failed “top-down” approach during the height of the flood emergency.

“Several community witnesses at a parliamentary inquiry into catastrophic flooding in the town told MPs on Tuesday they were completely disillusioned with Resilience NSW.”


Australia has been blasted with an intense polar chill bringing extreme weather and even snow to large swathes of the east coast and conditions are expected to last well into the week…

Parts of southern NSW have shivered through their coldest May day on record as maximum temperatures plummeted 8-10C below the May average.”


Major New Zealand salmon producer shuts farms as warming waters cause mass die-offs.

“New Zealand’s biggest king salmon farmer says it is shutting some of its farms after warming seas prompted mass die-offs of fish, warning that it is a “canary in the coalmine” for climate change.”


Today will mark the fifth consecutive day where temperatures will warm into the 70s for Anchorage [Alaska], one day shy of the most 70 degree days set for the month of May.

This heat wave will likely lead to Anchorage closing the month as the third warmest on record. The average temperature for the month of May is just above 50 degrees, closing in behind 2014 and 2016 as the three warmest Mays.”


A video captured the moment an entire home in Alaska was swept away as a result of river flooding on Monday.

“The video obtained by Alaska’s News Source showed the house being taken downstream on the Copper River in Glennallen, which is about 180 miles northeast of Anchorage. People who live along the river like Daniel Chappell, have been dealing with erosion for more than a week…”


Manitoba already facing 2nd-wettest spring on record with more thunderstorms in forecast…

“”After yesterday’s 19 mm rainfall in Winnipeg, the spring of 2022 is now the 2nd wettest spring in 150 years of records, and wettest in over a century. Total precip since Mar 1st is over double the average. Another 25-50 mm of rain is possible for Winnipeg/RRV today into tomorrow.””


Flooding continues in Fort Frances as heavy rain expected across northwestern Ontario…

“Water levels in Rainy Lake have already surpassed those of eight years ago, when flooding caused significant damage in the town. “This is new ground for us,” Briere said. “We’re above the 2014 water level.””


Rainy Lake flooding [Minnesota] about to hit new record..

“According to the NWS, a rise of 8-11 inches is expected between may 30 and June 5, with a continued rise until at least mid-June. At this rate, Rainy lake is expected to break the all-time record high of 1112.95 feet, set in 1950, later this week.”


A tornado is believed to have damaged as many as 100 homes in a small Minnesota city.

“Forada is about 135 miles northwest of Minneapolis. Officials sent out warnings for people to take shelter. The mayor of the Forada told The New York Times that it took a direct hit… more than 30,000 customers were still without power on Tuesday…”


A raging wildfire in California’s Napa County has spread to over 570 acres and has triggered an evacuation in the area’s wineries and nearby places.

“The fire reported on Tuesday afternoon in the Old Soda Springs Road of the northeastern area of Napa county had initially spread to 200 acres, but has now “been mapped at 570 acres” and remains at 5 per cent containment, said California’s fire department in its latest update on Tuesday.”


Drought is revealing archaeological sites that were submerged when Lake Powell filled.

“The severe drought that has brought the second biggest reservoir in the U.S. down to its lowest level ever is also now revealing lost treasures – thousands of archaeological sites that were flooded when Lake Powell was filled in the 1960s.”


Austin (Texas) gets a record-hot May… Overall, the high temperature was, on average, about 7.5 degrees hotter than normal — 94.2 instead of 86.8, through May 30. Record highs were set or tied at least a half-dozen times in the Austin area.”


‘Water grab’: Big farm deals leave small farmers out to dry, study shows… In Africa and beyond, large-scale agricultural investment projects have often been promoted as a means to increase food security and boost economies…

“However, a recent analysis of 160 land deals across 39 countries indicates that, more often than not, such projects in fact target land that already has easy access to irrigation; put a strain on water resources; and compete with local smallholder farmers.”


You can read the previous ‘Climate’ thread here. I’ll be back tomorrow with an ‘Economic’ thread.

If you found value in this content, please help me continue this work by becoming a patron of my work via Patreon. And if you are already a subscriber or have donated – thank you! It is a huge help, especially as the cost of living crisis is biting here in the UK.

30th May 2022 Today’s Round-Up of Climate News

Torrential rains in northeastern Brazil have left at least 79 people dead and dozens missing, civil defense officials said Sunday, as rescuers capitalised on a lull in downpours to search for survivors.

The disaster is the latest in a recent series of deadly landslides and floods triggered by extreme weather in Brazil… In February, more than 230 people were killed in the city of Petropolis, the Brazilian then-empire’s 19th-century summer capital, in Rio de Janeiro state.”


Climate change effect on Peruvian glaciers debated in German court.

“German judges and experts have arrived at the edge of a melting glacier high up in the Peruvian Andes to examine a complaint made by a local farmer who accuses energy giant RWE of threatening his home by contributing to global warming.”


Hurricane Agatha rapidly intensifies in the eastern Pacific as it barrels toward Mexico…

“Agatha is now just shy of a Category 3 storm and is expected to continue gaining strength before making landfall Monday evening near Salina Cruz, Mexico. The storm is located about 125 miles southwest of Puerto Angel, Mexico, according to the Sunday night update.”


Another terribly hot day in Texas with with temperatures up to 112F/44.4C at Rio Grande.

The city of Amarillo is located at 35N /3600 ft/1100m asl and it rose today to 104F/40C,this ties its hottest May day on record, set on 29 May 2011. Its max. temp. was just 56F 4 days ago!”


New Mexico wildfire scar burn has forest officials worried.

“As more than 3,000 firefighters in northern New Mexico continue to battle the nation’s largest active wildfire, federal forest officials are worrying about future flash floods, landslides and destructive ash from the burn scar.”


Disaster upon disaster: Wildfires are contaminating the West’s depleting water with ashy sludge…

“Megafires aren’t just burning down homes, trees and wildlife in the West. They’re also destabilizing the soil. When it rains, thousands of tons of charred sediment flow into rivers and reservoirs used for drinking water.”


This May is now the wettest we’ve seen in Seattle since Truman was president. So far this month we’ve been deluged with 3.84 inches of rain, surpassing May 1977 for the second-wettest Seattle month [of May] on record.”


Significant rainfall expected for already flooded southern, central Manitoba…

“Some areas in southeastern Manitoba could see upwards of 100 millimeters of rain, due to potential thunderstorms. As well, some localized areas could see up to 70 millimetres.”


Study Shows Siberian Tundra Could Virtually Disappear by Mid-Millennium.

“The treeline for Siberian larch forests is steadily advancing to the north, gradually supplanting the vast stretches of tundra which are home to a unique mix of flora and fauna… only consistent climate protection measures will allow roughly 30 percent of the Siberian tundra to survive until mid-millennium. In all other, less favorable scenarios, the unique habitat is projected to entirely disappear.


Spring 2022 in Switzerland was one of the warmest on record, with temperatures from March to May around 2.5 degrees above normal, public television weather service SRF Meteo said on Saturday.

Only 2007 and 2011 were warmer, since records began in 1864, it said.”


May 27th marks the highest temperature records for [for May] for several locations in central Italy. The epicenter of the heat seems to be located between Lazio and Tuscany.

“The thermal values ​​we see here in the list we propose are considerable, and they are maximum values ​​that are not yet definitive.”


Longest river in Italy is drying up, threatening local agriculture and hydroelectric supplies…

“Since December 2021, the Po Basin and surrounding regions have experienced a temperature anomaly of +2.1C as well as a persistent lack of rain, with a precipitation deficit of 65% compared to the 1991-2020 average and more than 100 consecutive dry days.”


A touch of 40 [104F], as May heatwave reaches deep summer levels in Cyprus…

“Stay hydrated and keep away from greasy, heavy foods… Not much difference temperatures and conditions wise over the early part of next week, as with a slight drop on Wednesday, the first day of the summer, but still much higher than the seasonal average.”


Today 29 May is a record hot day in Turkey with the temperature already above 40C (40.8C / 105.4F at Tire) in places.

The station of Istanbul Florya with 34.2C / 93.6F (provisional) has just its hottest May day on record (data since 1937).”


Severe water shortages strain wheat harvest in Iraq…

“At a time when worldwide prices for wheat have soared due to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, Iraqi farmers say they are paying the price for a government decision to cut irrigation for agricultural areas by 50%. The government took the step in the face of severe water shortages arising from high temperatures and drought…”


Severe heatwave hits [India’s] tomato, mango production; prices surge to over Rupees 100 a kilo…

“Uttar Pradesh, the largest mango producer, is witnessing the lowest yield in two decades, with over 80 percent of the crop being damaged due to the heatwave. UP has a 23.47 percent share in India’s total mango production. While domestic prices have soared, the low production is also expected to hurt India’s exports.”


After record high temperatures; record rain spell in May [Uttarakhand, India]…

“The weather is constantly changing. This causes the temperature to fluctuate. The first week of May was extremely humid. It rained heavily with thunder and storm. On May 16, the record of reaching 41 degree Celsius maximum temperature was also broken for many years. But after that the weather changed again.”


Floods in Southern China: At least 15 dead, rescue operation underway for missing.

“Apart from COVID-19, days of Torrential rains have triggered severe floods across the Southern region of China leaving at least 15 dead.”


After record rainfall, Hanoi [Vietnam] to face more downpours, hail…

“According to the National Centre for Hydro-Meteorological Forecasting, the May 29 torrential rain resulted in the local Lang station’s record of cumulative daily rainfall at 140mm, breaking the record set 36 years ago – 132mm on June 18, 1986.”


Pilbara rain records tumble as unseasonal weather floods Northwest Coastal Highway [Western Australia; supposed to be the dry season!] again.

“Varanus Island has recorded a whopping 413.4mm in May so far, breaking a record that’s stood since 2005. Other sites which have broken all-time rainfall records include Mardie, Mount Florance, Yarraloola Homestead, Coolawanyah, Yalleen, Karratha Aero, Sherlock and Red Hill.”


Something weird is up with La Nina…

“The current double-dip La Nina set a record for strength last month and is forecast to likely be around for a rare but not quite unprecedented third straight winter. And it’s not just this one. Scientists are noticing that in the past 25 years the world seems to be getting more La Ninas than it used to and that is just the opposite of what their best computer model simulations say should be happening with human-caused climate change.”


Hummingbirds may face extinction as a result of global warming, Newsweek reports on a new study. Scientists predict that the avian species will have to migrate north in search of cooler climates or possibly perish completely.

“As hummingbirds have the most difficult type of flight in the whole animal kingdom, hovering requires far more energy and oxygen than regular flight, a new Study reports.”


Scientists warn future temperatures will test humans’ ability to survive…

“Scientists say urgent steps are needed for humans to adapt to extreme heat, including rethinking the way we live, work and blast the AC. “Extreme heat is going to get more problematic going forward, period,” said Professor Blair Feltmate, head of the Intact Centre on Climate Adaptation at the University of Waterloo in Ontario.”


You can read the previous ‘Climate’ thread here. I’ll be back tomorrow with an ‘Economic’ thread.

If you found value in this content, please help me continue this work by becoming a patron of my work via Patreon. And if you are already a subscriber or have donated – thank you! It is a huge help, especially as the cost of living crisis is biting here in the UK.

27th May 2022 Today’s Round-Up of Climate News

Bacteria in Antarctica have been discovered with genes that give them natural antibiotic and antimicrobial resistance and have the potential to spread out of the polar regions, according to scientists in Chile.

“Andres Marcoleta, a researcher from the University of Chile…  said that these “superpowers” which evolved to resist extreme conditions are contained in mobile DNA fragments that can easily be transferred to other bacteria…

“”It is worth asking whether climate change could have an impact on the occurrence of infectious diseases,” Marcoleta said. “In a possible scenario, these genes could leave this reservoir and promote the emergence and proliferation of infectious diseases.””


Sydney records wettest Autumn on record.

“Sydney has recorded its wettest Autumn on record with rain expected to continue through to Winter. The city has recorded 988 millimetres [38.9 inches] of rain in three months – two and a half times it’s average.”


26th May was a historic day in China: The city of Turpan (42,5N) had an incredible minimum temperature of 32.8C [91.04F], by far the highest in May in Chinese history.

“This pulverizes the previous national record of 30.7C (set at Dongfang) and its previous own of 29.9C (31 May 2008).”


4 Killed After Heavy Rains Cause Landslides And Flooding In Vietnam.

“Floods and other natural disasters triggered by heavy downpours have killed four people and left four others injured in northern and central Vietnam over the past few days, the country’s Central Steering Committee for Natural Disaster Prevention and Control said on Wednesday.”


‘He never returned’: Widespread misery in India’s flooded Assam…

“The heavy pre-monsoon rains caused extensive damage to rail links and highways even as government officials said they were working “on a war-footing” to restore connectivity and provide relief. The Kopili River, a tributary of the mighty Brahmaputra, is still flowing over the danger mark.”


At least 250 sheep were killed by lightning in Jammu and Kashmir’s Anantnag district, official sources said on Wednesday.

“”The incident took place in a pasture in Hoksar area of Kokernag tehsil in Anantnag district during the intervening night of Monday and Tuesday,” official sources said.”


‘It seems this heat will take our lives’: Pakistan city fearful after hitting 51C…

“Most workers take two hours off in the afternoon, according to Ali, and then go back to work. “When it gets too hot, we used to sit under the water handpump and use ice water. In the evening when we return home we get extremely tired and want to rest but because of the heat, we do not get enough sleep.”


The Middle East’s $13 billion sandstorm problem is about to get worse…

“Sandstorms know no borders. They threaten to wreak havoc on a region that’s vital to the global economy, with the potential to impact everything from the price of gas at the pump in the United States to how soon a customer in Spain can receive a package from China.”


Water crisis fuelling human wildlife conflict in Zimbabwe…

“In Zimbabwe, human wildlife conflict cases commonly involve animals like baboons, foxes, elephants and hippos due to shortage of food and water in the wild. Elephants and hippos usually destroy maize fields and encounters with wild animals can result in injury and death.”


Ghana: Torrential Rains Flood Accra Again! … Disrupt Economic Activities, Wreak Havoc On Infrastructure.

“Disruption to work, heavy vehicular traffic, large swamps of running water on roads, breakdown of vehicles and roads being destroyed characterised yesterday’s downpour in Accra resulting in floods in many parts of the capital and adjoining areas.”


26th May was another hot day in the Mediterranean with 44.0C [111.2F] in Tunisia, over 37C in Italy, Greece and Turkey and 35.7C in North Macedonia.

New May heat record for Rome and Vatican City (reference station is nearby Roma Macao) with 35.6C / 96.1F (15-min. high).”


30 litres [ie mm’s] of rain within minutes, freak storm leaves path of destruction in Mallorca.

“The storm which hit the island in the early hours of this morning left a path of destruction and smashed rainfall records… The freak storm smashed numerous rainfall records. The last big rainfall record was 29 litres per square metre in Porto Pi in September 2015.”


Hailstorm in Northern Croatia Destroys Almost Half of Country’s Flower Production.

“The hailstorm hit the area along the border with Slovenia in Krapina-Zagorje County, a number of communities and towns in Varaždin County and a part of Međimurje County. Veliki Bukovec in Varaždin County and Hum na Sutli in Krapina-Zagorje County have suffered the most extensive damage.”


Drought in Poland threat to global food market.

“The problem of drought is, next to the war in Ukraine, a serious threat to the global food and agricultural market… Unfortunately, such severe water shortages reduce the yield potential in almost all EU countries. As a result, wheat futures contracts in world markets are rising.”


Drought crisis: Belgium asks permission to ignore certain EU agricultural rules…

“The CAP sets out a series of measures for European agricultural markets. Notably, the Belgium government has asked to be excused from paying certain bonuses towards the improvement of environmental performance on farms.”


Britain’s dying butterflies: Half of UK’s native species are now at risk of extinction because of habitat loss and climate change – with another 8 added to ‘red list’…

“This represents a 26 per cent increase in the number of at-risk species, according to wildlife charity Butterfly Conservation, which compiled the list.”


It’s exceptionally cold in Nunavut, Northern Canada. Today Hall Beach dropped to -22.2C [-7.96F], which is a record low for late May at sea level.

“As reference Canadian June record low: -20.6C at the same Hall Beach; In Northern Hemisphere: -22.2C at Mys Sterlegova and Andreya Island (Russia).”


Rain warnings, rising Gatineau River [[Quebec] has more residents bracing for flooding… For 3rd time in 6 years, residents on river’s edge are filling sandbags

“”Citizens need to be prepared and they need to do what they have to do, because they do have a responsibility,” said Gatineau Mayor France Bélisle during a news conference Wednesday afternoon.”


Everything, everywhere, all at once: The 2022 flood season in Manitoba…

“”We’ve dealt with floods in the past, but what is different is it is coming from all angles and all directions,” Premier Heather Stefanson said at a news briefing earlier this week. “It’s affecting many more Manitobans at the same time than maybe it has in the past.””


‘We’re starting to see some of those worst-case scenarios’: Fraser Valley residents [British Columbia] warned to be prepared for potential spring flooding…

““What we’re doing here is not to try and alarm people but is to be proactive, be ready before an event happens,” said Jason Lum, chair of the FVRD.” [picture from last year’s flooding]


California drought could nearly halve hydropower output, boost electricity prices…

“In its supplemental outlook, the EIA expects that the dip in hydropower generation would lead to an 8% increase in electricity generation from natural gas, an increase in energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions by 6%, and a roughly 5% increase in wholesale electricity prices throughout the West…”


US firefighters rescue Cinder the elk calf from wildfire ashes.

“Firefighters have rescued an abandoned newborn elk calf found amid the ashes of the nation’s largest wildfire as calving season approaches its peak in New Mexico and fires rage across the American west.”


Interior Department announces $33M to clean up 277 methane-spewing wells on federal land. There are millions more…

“The US Environmental Protection Agency estimates there are around 3 million idle or unproductive oil and gas wells around the nation, and orphaned wells are a subset of that number.”


Now Even Chicken Is Getting Too Expensive?

“The world’s most popular meat has succumbed to inflation. That’s what happens when three pandemics coincide with a drought… The cost of chicken is so intimately related to the grains used to fatten broilers that analysts often study price-feed ratios, which estimate meat as a mathematical product of corn and soy prices…”


Climate change: Could beer made from urine help water shortages? …aside from its environmental aims, drinkers seem to like the beer. “It definitely goes down smooth,” one man told the BBC. “I could probably, if I wanted to, drink a whole lot of those.””


Israeli study: Climate change already causing storm levels only expected in 2080…

“The study, which compared previous predictions of human-caused intensification of winter storms in the Southern Hemisphere with current storm observations, found that the “bleak” reality was far worse than expected.”


You can read the previous ‘Climate’ thread here. I’ll be back over the weekend with an ‘Economic’ thread.

If you found value in this content, please help me continue this work by becoming a patron of my work via Patreon. And if you are already a subscriber or have donated – thank you! It is a huge help, especially as the cost of living crisis is biting here in the UK.

25th May 2022 Today’s Round-Up of Climate News

For the second straight year, inhabitants of Brazil’s Amazon rainforest are being overwhelmed by flooding, with hundreds of thousands of people already affected by waters that are still rising

“The Negro River reached a depth of 29.37 meters (96 feet) Monday at the measuring station in Manaus, compared to the record 30.02 meters registered last year.

““I faced last year’s flood, and now I’m dealing with the 2022 flood,” said Raimundo Reis, a fisherman who lives with his son in Iranduba, a city across the river from Manaus.”


Floods hit Recife in Pernambuco, Brazil on May 23rd 2022.

“Heavy rain caused flash floods in the area of Recife, with residents in low lying areas advised to seek shelter. Homes were flooded, with roofs, walls and possessions destroyed. Businesses and schools closed as buildings were damaged.”


Drought continues to hit farmers in Chile…

“”Many growers have already stopped watering their gardens, especially further north [of Santiago]… the deposits are practically dry,” he told the Olive Oil Times. “There is also a water problem in the southern fields, but the north is worse. We will have to wait and see how this winter arrives with the rain.””


Chile to Cushion the Blow of Glacier Ban on Giant Copper Mines.

“Chile’s government is looking at a gradual implementation for a proposed ban on mining near glaciers in order to limit the impact on some of the world’s biggest copper mines and their planned projects high in the Andes.”


California threatens ‘mandatory water restrictions’ if people don’t cut back…

“Gavin Newsom threatened the possibly of statewide mandates in a meeting with representatives from major water agencies, including those that supply Los Angeles, San Diego and the San Francisco Bay Area, according to his office.”


The water level in Lake Mead — the nation’s largest reservoir — dropped below 1,050 feet elevation for the first time last week, a critical milestone that signals more stringent water cuts are around the corner for the Southwest

“As of Tuesday, Lake Mead’s level was around 1,049 feet above sea level. As the water level drops, formerly sunken boats are emerging in the mud, and other vehicles are getting newly stuck.”


Denali National Park [Alaska] is still melting out from its snowiest winter season in 99 years of record keeping. The unusually heavy, lingering snow is affecting park wildlife.

“Summer operations resumed on May 20, but park public affairs officer Sharon Stiteler says conditions along the Park Road are lagging behind the calendar.”


More than 150,000 still without power, some schools closed after Ontario storm leaves ‘severe’ damage…

“The Town of Uxbridge, east of Toronto, has declared a local state of emergency due to storm damage, with some buildings reduced to rubble and streets blocked by uprooted trees, downed power lines and broken telephone poles.”


If you think we’ve gotten more rain than normal this month around the region, you’d be correct.

“According to measurements taken at the Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport by the National Weather Service, 8.13 inches of rainfall have been recorded, making the first 21 days of May the wettest on record.”


NOAA forecasts a busy Atlantic hurricane season for seventh consecutive year.

“The Atlantic season, which extends from June 1 to Nov. 30, has experienced a growing number of destructive and rapidly intensifying hurricanes over the past several decades, which scientists have linked to higher ocean temperatures from human-caused climate change.”


Human influence is the culprit for warm and wet winters in northwest Russia.

“… northwest Russia experienced the warmest and wettest 2019/20 winter on record since 1902. Because of this, the permafrost melted, raising the risk of floods and landslides in the following spring, as well as rapid melting of snow and ice, which reduced available water resources and increased the risk of droughts in summer.”


French strawberry farmers leave fruit to rot as high temperatures hit harvests.

“Strawberry growers in France are leaving large quantities of fruit to rot in the fields, as unusually hot temperatures mean everything is ripening at once, overwhelming their capacity to harvest… southwestern France has seen 40 days straight of above-average daily temperatures – more than 10 to 15 degrees hotter than usual…”


Switzerland prepares for ‘record-breaking’ hot summer…

““It will be hotter than usual,” according to Thomas Buchel, head of SRF Meteo. “New heat records are very likely. It would be surprising if it went in another direction”, he said.” …Another meteorologist, Joshua Gehring from the official weather service MeteoSwiss, said hotter weather “is a direct consequence of climate change”.”


Greece Braces for First Heatwave of Summer.

“Greece is bracing for the first heatwave of the summer season with meteorologists warning that, starting on Wednesday, temperatures in several parts of Greece will climb up to 37C (98.6F).” [picture from 2021 – no colossal fires yet]


Moroccan Minister Warns of ‘Alarming’ Situation Due to Water Scarcity, Drought…

“Rising temperatures have also contributed to water evaporation, proving another source of water scarcity. Baraka also noted challenges resulting from the war in Ukraine, revealing that Morocco only has a four-month reserve of grains.”


Cyclones and More Frequent Storms Threaten Africa…

“Runoff in the Congo River basin, for example, is projected to increase by 50 percent, elevating flooding risks, especially flash flooding, across large parts of Central Africa… As oceans have warmed, Africa has experienced four times as many storms and more than a doubling in the number of cyclones since the 1970s.”


‘Record high’: 260mm [10.2 inches] rain recorded in flood-ravaged Umdloti [KZN, South Africa]…

“Several residents in Umdloti north of Durban were left homeless. Part of a block of flats in a complex in the area washed away. Heavy rainfall and mudslides led to the ground collapsing around and under the buildings.”


Ninth sandstorm in less than two months shuts down much of Iraq…

“Iraq is ranked as one of the world’s five most vulnerable nations to climate change and desertification. The environment ministry has warned that over the next two decades Iraq could endure an average of 272 days of sandstorms a year…”


Middle East between severe sandstorms and heat waves:

“On 23rd May the temperature rose to 48C [118.4F] at Dammam in NE Saudi coast. In the capital Riyadh (614m asl) 45.6C, only 0.4C from May record. Large swathes of Middle East have been with repeated severe sandstorms.”


Iconic Iran river threatened by droughts, diversions.

“The famed river bridges of the Iranian city of Isfahan are a beloved tourist draw — but much of the time their stone arches span just sand and rocks, not water. Drought and upstream water diversions have seen the Zayandeh Rood, “fertile river” in Persian, run dry since 2000, with only rare exceptions.”


Heatwave reduced India’s wheat crop yield by 10 to 30% this year: Report.

“The report by World Weather Attribution (WWA), a global initiative and collaboration of scientists around the world, said the intense heat has either damaged or reduced the quality of the yield…”


Heat Wave in India Poses Risks for Nation’s Credit, Moody’s Says.

“A heat wave that’s made parts of India the hottest in 122 years may be a warning that heightened climate risks could drag on economic growth and worsen the nation’s credit scores. Sweltering temperatures across northwestern India may have added to inflationary pressures in the world’s second-most populous nation…”


East Asia Heat Wave:

“On 24th May The Chinese town of Turpan in Xinjiang rose to 42.2C [108F]. In Mongolia 33.8C at Baitag (46N ,1186m asl). In North Korea 34.1C and Japan 33.2C. The heat wave will last the whole week. Very hot nights (Tmins >30C) are also expected in Turpan.”


‘Children are starving’: A cry for help from flood-hit Bangladesh…

“While the water had receded by Tuesday, the putrid smell and waterlogged walls bore witness to the havoc that had been wreaked on Sylhet for days. It will take a few more days before Afsar Ali’s home dries enough that he can begin the task of rebuilding his life. His house is still in knee-deep water.”


Queensland, NSW rainfall records tumble in 2022…

More than 50 sites in the region registered over a metre of rain in a week during 2022, the Bureau of Meteorology says. The records were broken between February 22 and March 9 with some areas experiencing two and a half times their average monthly rainfall and others five times the amount.”


Sunshine Coast strawberry farmers face a difficult season as continuing heavy rain means much of their early crop is chucked into bins.

“The roll-on effect means strawberry lovers may see a shortage at supermarkets and prices as high as $7 a punnet.”


More floods forecast for Australia’s east as La Niña weather pattern lingers…

“The La Niña event, already in its second year, could yet persist into a third. The expected dissipation of the pattern has not progressed in the past two weeks, and two of the seven models used by the bureau project that the La Niña will last through winter.”


What’s behind record floods across the Southern Hemisphere?

“…Behind most of these intense rain events lies a particular combination of weather conditions: a “cut-off low” over the coast, pinned in place by a “blocking high” out to sea. This configuration itself is not uncommon, but this year’s repeated events and their high impact have been unusual.


Report highlights impact of changes in Antarctica…

“The report shows that Antarctic ice sheets are melting, the continent’s climate is changing, its ecosystems are being impacted, and the Southern Ocean is warming, becoming more acidic and losing oxygen. Changes in Antarctica have global impacts.”


Arctic Shipping Routes Are Expanding Faster than Predicted.

“…open-water ships could have been traveling through the Canadian Arctic Archipelago along the fabled Northwest Passage for more than two months of the year during the 2010s… Since 1979, the area of the Arctic that is safe for open-water vessels for 90 days of the year has increased by 35 percent…”


Cattle, Palm Oil Firms Miss Deforestation Targets, Report Finds.

“Food and commodity companies are falling short of global commitments to end deforestation by the end of the decade, a new report found, risking missing a key target of last year’s COP26 climate summit. Only 19 out of 675 companies in industries like cattle, timber and palm oil have set targets…”


You can read the previous ‘Climate’ thread here. I’ll be back tomorrow with an ‘Economic’ thread.

If you found value in this content, please help me continue this work by becoming a patron of my work via Patreon. And if you are already a subscriber or have donated – thank you! It is a huge help, especially as the cost of living crisis is biting here in the UK.

23rd May 2022 Today’s Round-Up of Climate News

The death toll from powerful thunderstorms in Canada’s two most populous provinces has risen to at least eight, authorities said on Sunday, as emergency crews continued a massive clean-up to restore power to half a million people.

The storms, which lasted more than two hours Saturday afternoon and packed the power of a tornado, left a trail of destruction in parts of Ontario and Quebec.”


Conditions on Lac-Saint-Jean [Quebec] are slowly starting to return to normal after a weekend of flooding caused by record rainfall and the spring thaw.

“Municipalities surrounding the lake reported light flooding on Sunday, with the lake still topping the official flood mark in the area.”


Yarmouth County wildfire was largest in Nova Scotia since 1976; fire risk in province remains high…

“”This was a very intense fire and fast-moving,” said Paul Schnurr, the incident commander for the Department of Natural Resources. The Trafalgar fire of 1976 burned 13,000 hectares and is the largest fire on record in Nova Scotia.”


Hail the size of golf balls strikes several Maine towns.

“What a day of severe weather in Maine. Sunday afternoon started off relatively quiet, with a few severe thunderstorm warnings. Then the hailstorm picked up over Jay and Livermore Falls.”


Rare tornado tears through Michigan town, killing two and injuring more than 40.

“The tornado struck Gaylord, a town of about 4,200 people, roughly 230 miles northwest of Detroit in Michigan on Friday. In a region where tornadoes are rare, the National Weather Service said there had been winds of up to 140mph.”


Large portions of the US, stretching from Texas to the Northeast, set new daily temperature records over the weekend.

Well above normal temps continued on Sunday, largely in the Northeast in Connecticut and Massachusetts… Almost 20 million people were under a heat advisory on Sunday afternoon… Scientists have found that climate change both intensifies and drives up the likelihood of heatwaves.”


A pair of kayakers stumbled across the skull of a young man in a drought-stricken portion of the Minnesota River last summer – and officials now say the skull is 8,000 years old

“According to the sheriff, the two kayakers made the discovery in a portion of the river that had been dried up by a severe droughts seen in the state that year – which left usually submerged areas atypically exposed.”


The “megadrought” gripping the southwestern US has driven water levels at the two largest reservoirs to record lows, forcing unprecedented government intervention to protect water and power supplies across seven states.

“Millions of Americans already contending with critical water shortages now face the prospect of black outs as energy demand grows during heatwaves just as hydroelectric power supply is strained.”


Serious water crisis in Mexico due to drought and half-filled dams…

“Mexico is suffering from a serious drinking water crisis due to drought in much of the territory, which has an average of 210 dams with 48 percent of their capacity, authorities warned today… The drought and strong heat in some areas between 40 and 45 degrees Celsius are the cause of the 102 active forest fires…”


British Columbia’s iconic Kokanee Glacier in rapid decline, says B.C. scientist.

“The Kokanee “is in a death spiral,” Ben Pelto said, with an estimated 50 years left before it disappears. “That’s a best-case scenario,” he said. “It’s really the loss of an iconic glacier and the namesake of the Kokanee Glacier Park. It has so much significance to the people of B.C.””


Wales has ‘wettest May since records began’ [while France, Belgium, Netherlands etc have been extraordinarily dry] and more showers are forecast…

“A Met Office statement said: “Wales has seen its wettest May since records began in 1862, with 214.2mm [8.43 inches] of rainfall, well over twice the long-term average, topping the previous record of 184mm set in 1967.” And it doesn’t look as if the unsettled outlook is about to change anytime soon.”


Germany tornadoes leave one dead and at least 40 injured.

“At least one person is dead and 40 injured after strong winds generated three tornadoes that ripped through western Germany, damaging properties and sending debris flying miles through the air.”


Exceptional heat at high elevations in France.

“Currently 36.5C [97.7F] at 545m above sea level, 30.2C at 1059m; Mt Aigoual (1567m)had a Tmin of 19.5C (3C above the previous May record!).

“In Italy the highest temperatures were in its coldest region Aosta Valley: 34C Aosta AP -545m – new May record.”


22nd May was another record day in France with dozens more of monthly records smashed of both highest Tmin and highest Tmaxes.

“The most important includes Grenoble AP, Embrun, Le Puy, Gordon, Rodez and Tarbes. Click link to see a list courtesy of Meteociel.”


Temperatures in parts of Spain reach highest on record for May.

“On Friday, the mercury at Seville airport reached 41C [105.8F], while another Andalucían city, Jaén, logged its first May temperature of more than 40C as the thermometers registered an unprecedented 40.3C – almost 2C above the previous record. The city of Segovia, north-west of Madrid, also experienced its first “tropical” May night…”


We just observed Morocco’s hottest day in May in reliable recorded history: 45.7°C (114°F).”


Accra floods: How people were running for their lives [Ghana]…

“About five hours of heavy rainfall yesterday in Accra caused severe flooding and disrupted activities in many parts of the capital city and beyond… Some parts of the Tema motorway were also flooded…”


Roads flooded, buildings washed away in latest Durban downpour [South Africa]…

“Low lying areas in the south of the city – including Isipingo – were flooded overnight, while roads were washed away in parts of Pinetown, to the west of the city, which had also been hammered badly in last month’s downpours. La Mercy, north of Durban, has effectively been cut off…”


Meanwhile, a few hundred miles to the west:Water Armageddon loading as Day Zero looms for Nelson Mandela Bay…

“In less than a month, Nelson Mandela Bay will become the first South African metro to run out of water. In an appeal and warning that is almost unimaginable, the metro’s water chief has called for prayers as the disaster moves closer…”


Dust storm coats Jerusalem in sand for the second time in a month…

“As a result of the dust storm, sensitive populations such as heart patients, lung patients, children, elderly people and pregnant women, have been advised to stay inside and avoid doing any strenuous physical activity outdoors.”


Kuwait City: May has become one of the highest months of the year in recording sandstorms, with 30 days in 25 years, Kuwait Meteorological Department said…

“Dr. Hassan Al- Dashti, said… that June was at the forefront during the past half century, but there had been change in the pattern of climatic phenomena in recent years, which made May the lead in dusty conditions instead of June.”


‘Perfect climate storm’: Pakistan reels from extreme heat…

““This is a freak weather phenomenon that has completely shaved off the spring season in Pakistan,” former climate change minister Malik Amin Aslam told Al Jazeera… Scientists have long warned the climate crisis will lead to more intense weather – including floods, droughts and heatwaves.”


Pakistan Army sets up 27 heatstroke relief centres in heatwave-hit areas…

“The heatstroke relief centres have also been established in other urban centres in Punjab… All necessary medical facilities and medicines have been provided at these centers where patients suffering from dehydration and gastroenteritis were being treated…”


Delhi Water Woes: Himachal, Uttar Pradesh ‘Back Out’ From Plans To Give Delhi Extra Water…

“As parts of Delhi face water shortage amid heatwave and little rain so far, it has now emerged that Uttar Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh have “backed out” from plans to give extra water to Delhi under plans that were pursued since 2019, according to officials.”


Dozens dead, millions stranded as floods ravage Bangladesh and India…

“At least 100 villages at Zakiganj were inundated after floodwater rushing from India’s north-east breached a major embankment on the Barak River, said Mosharraf Hossain, the chief government administrator of the Sylhet region. “Some two million people have been stranded by floods so far,” he said on Saturday.”


[Nepal’s] wheat harvest likely to fall below forecast due to rain…

“Officials have predicted a lower than expected wheat harvest after the winter crop was drenched in unseasonal rains in October, which means Nepal’s battered economy could face further misfortune… Heavy rainfall is unusual in Nepal during October, which is traditionally outside the monsoon season.”


While the flood situation in Thailand’s northern province of Chiang Mai eases today, in neighbouring Chiang Rai province it is worsening, with levels in several waterways steadily rising today (Sunday), due to heavy rainfall since last evening.

“In Mae Chan district of Chiang Rai, the Chan River has broken its banks and flooded markets and communities along the river.”


Dams discharged and flood warnings issued as rain buckets south-east Queensland.

“Queensland’s south-east is back on flood watch with more than 100mm of rain dumped on several soaked catchments, and dams releasing water ahead of more wet weather… More than a dozen flood warnings have been issued across the region…”


Why is climate ‘doomism’ going viral – and who’s fighting it?

“…Climate doomism is the idea that we are past the point of being able to do anything at all about global warming – and that mankind is highly likely to become extinct.”


You can read the previous ‘Climate’ thread here. I’ll be back tomorrow with an ‘Economic’ thread.

If you found value in this content, please help me continue this work by becoming a patron of my work via Patreon. And if you are already a subscriber or have donated – thank you! It is a huge help, especially as the cost of living crisis is biting here in the UK.