“The Atlantic Ocean has reached its hottest temperature in 2,900 years, according to a new study. The research, published on Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, found that recent Atlantic warming has been “unparalleled” in the past three millennia.
“A team of scientists, from universities in the US and Canada, looked at the Atlantic’s “multidecadal sea surface temperature variability” (AMV) – long-duration, naturally-occurring, warm and cool phases that can last up to 40 years at a time, and swing about 1F between extremes.
“As the report notes, AMV “strongly influences the Northern Hemisphere’s climate, including the Arctic”. Since the mid-Nineties, we have been in a warm phase.”
“The Arctic is unravelling. And it’s happening faster than anyone could have imagined just a few decades ago. Northern Siberia and the Canadian Arctic are now warming three times faster than the rest of the world.
“In the past decade, Arctic temperatures have increased by nearly 1C.”
“There was no ice on the water, says captain of tall ship Sedov about Arctic voyage.
“We had at least expected some minor pieces,” says Mikhail Novikov as his 100 years old sailing ship exits the Northern Sea Route… The voyage would have been unthinkable only few years ago. But this year’s unprecedented low levels of sea-ice has made sailing on the route smooth and easy.”
“The icy landscape of the Arctic as we imagine it will no longer exist in just a few decades, researchers returning from a major expedition to the frozen north have warned.
““This world is threatened. We really saw how the ice is disappearing,” said Markus Rex, leader of the largest-ever Arctic expedition, at a press conference Monday.”
“Avocado-farming worsens Portugal’s drought:
Like many Britons in Portugal, Richard Alan moved to the sun-drenched southern Algarve region to retire. He bought a farm, married the love of his life and grew a vegetable garden. Then he started running out of water.
“He, and some environmentalists, blame an avocado production boom in recent years for mopping up already scarce water as a drought linked to climate change blights the area.”
“Days after Europe’s climate body’s announcement of the “hottest September on the planet,” Turkish officials declared new high-temperature records of last month in 93 sites of the country...
““Due to warmer weather beyond the season normal last month, we saw record-breaking changes in temperatures,” said Ahmet Duran Şahin from Istanbul Technical University to the state-run Anadolu Agency.”
“Mount Kilimanjaro fire: What is at risk for the local ecosystem?
“Fires are becoming more frequent on Africa’s highest mountain. With the latest blaze threatening wide-reaching consequences, DW looks at what is at stake for local wildlife.”
“In recent months, unpredictable, intense floods have washed across parts of Rwanda, Kenya, Somalia, Burundi, Ethiopia, Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti and Tanzania, ruining homes and livelihoods…
“As the world battles a pandemic, large swaths of the African continent have been —literally — submerged by floods.”
“The warning by the Pakistan Meteorological Department of a heatwave hitting Karachi in October is extraordinary.
“No one would have thought that the temperature scale would be hitting 40 Celsius or above at the tail end of the year, but this an indication of what is to come; unpredictable weather patterns and harsher, longer seasons.”
“A house has collapsed in the southern Indian city of Hyderabad in Telangana state amid record rains and heavy flooding, killing at least eight people, police said.
“The house was in a hilly area of the city where the soil had loosened due to more than 25 centimetres (9.8 inches) of rain falling in the past 24 hours, said the city’s police commissioner Anjani Kumar.”
“At least one extreme disaster occurred every month over the last five months affecting lives and livelihoods of hundreds of thousands of people in Bangladesh and killing about 300 people…
“In 15 hours from 6:00pm on the day, Rangpur city received 433mm rainfall, the highest rainfall recorded since the Met Office began keeping record in 1947.”
“Day-long heavy rain on Sunday caused unprecedented flash floods which wreaked havoc in the capital of Cambodia…
“…this is the first time that Phnom Penh has seen floods cause such an impact, which he said was caused by unusually high rainfall.”
“Heavy rains since early October have caused deadly floods and landslides in several provinces in central Vietnam and displaced thousands of people in western Cambodia, officials and state media said.
“The floods are expected to worsen over the coming days, with tropical storm Nangka forecast to dump more rain as it makes landfall in Vietnam on Wednesday.”
“The southern Chinese province of Hainan has suspended a number of ferry and train services and canceled some flights as the 16th typhoon of the year barrels toward land.
“The Hainan provincial government issued the second-highest emergency alert for typhoon Nangka at 10 a.m. Tuesday as it was expected to make landfall in the coastal region between Wenchang and Lingshui in Hainan Tuesday evening.”
“At least 1,000 residents from six districts in Garut regency, West Java [Indonesia], have been displaced by flash floods and landslides due to torrential rainfall in the region since Sunday…
“According to local officials, the flood waters in Pamengpeuk reached up to 80 centimeters high.”
“Hundreds evacuated in Metro Cebu [Philippines] amid heavy downpour and floods… Nonstop rains which started early Tuesday night submerged low lying areas mostly in Mandaue and Cebu cities…
“Cebu City Risk Reduction Management Office OIC Ramil Ayuman said they are collating data on the overwhelming number of reported floods in several areas in the city.”
“NSW and Victorian residents are going to have to brace for sweltering summer weather with more intense heat waves forecast.
“The Australian Bureau of Meteorology released its severe weather outlook for the rest of October until April on Monday.”
“Thousands of fish are feared dead in rivers in the south-west of the Australian state of Victoria after once-in-50-year flooding, local media reported Tuesday.
“Last week, rivers in the Shipwreck Coast region swelled to record levels after some areas received a month’s worth of rain in 48 hours.”
“High number of fatal Australian shark attacks prompts concern hunting grounds are shifting.
“More Australians have been killed in unprovoked shark attacks this year than in any year since 1934.”
“Half the corals on Australia’s Great Barrier Reef have died over the past 25 years, scientists said Wednesday, warning that climate change is irreversibly destroying the World Heritage-listed underwater ecosystem.
“A study published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society Journal found an alarming rate of decline across all sizes of corals since the mid-1990s.”
“California’s siege of wildfires has significantly quieted but forecasters warned on Tuesday that a fall heatwave could bring back critical fire weather conditions this week.
“Fire weather watches will go into effect in much of northern California early on Wednesday due to high pressure producing hot and dry conditions with gusty offshore winds, the National Weather Service said.”
“800 Years Ago, Old Faithful Went Quiet. Soon, It Might Happen Again…
“”Climate models project increasingly severe droughts and large fires by mid-century leading to a major transformation of Yellowstone’s ecosystems,” the team writes.”
“Four people are dead in the aftermath of Hurricane Delta as remnants of the storm brought widespread rain to the US mid-Atlantic and Northeast on Monday…
“Hurricane Delta was the 25th named storm of the 2020 Atlantic hurricane season.”
“With oceans absorbing more than 90 percent of global warming, marine heatwaves are becoming hotter and larger and are lasting longer.
“Scientists say the trend has major ecological consequences, from altering fish and plant populations to forcing whales into hazardous waters.”
“Experts warn that climate change will make the world a more inhospitable place to live, and we may be further along in that journey than we realized, a new report from the UN has revealed.
“The frequency of natural disasters over the past two decades is almost double that of the 1980-1999 period… with extreme weather events driven by climate change accounting for a large portion…”
You can read the previous ‘Climate’ thread here and visit my Patreon page here. I’ll be back tomorrow with an ‘Economic’ thread.
“Deadly flooding displaces thousands across Mekong region… floodwaters inundated more than 33,000 homes…
“The national highway linking northern Vietnam to the south has been flooded…
“…incoming tropical depression expected to worsen situation.”
“Deputy Governor of Jakarta Ahmad Riza Patria visited several locations in Jakarta [Indonesia] that were hit by floods and landslides, on Saturday night.
“…the Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) has called to step up disaster mitigation efforts on account of a spike in the number of natural disasters in recent years.”
“A typhoon continued to move almost parallel to Japan’s Pacific coast from west to east on Saturday, the weather agency said, issuing a heavy rain alert for parts of the Izu island chain south of Tokyo and warning of mudslides as persistent downpours might have saturated the soil in the region…
“Rainfall of up to 300 millimeters [12 inches] is projected for the island chain…”
“Uba, Minas Gerais, Brazil – “A group of dogs invaded the branch of a local bank to escape the heatwave that hit the city.”
“The Paraguay River has reached its lowest level in half a century after months of extreme drought in the region, exposing the vulnerability of landlocked Paraguay’s economy.
“Some 85% percent of Paraguay’s foreign trade is conducted via the river, which has been depleted because of a lack of rainfall in the Pantanal area of Mato Grosso state in Brazil.”
“‘Total destruction’: why fires are tearing across South America.
“Wildfires, mostly caused by land clearing for cattle grazing and soya production, have set four nations ablaze.”
“In the last seven days, rainfall has amounted to a third of what Merida [Yucatan, Mexico] normally gets in an entire year. But 2020 is not a normal year.
“The year still has 82 more days to go and yet Merida has already broken its own annual record for precipitation… The city has accumulated 1,474 mm / 58 inches of precipitation to date…”
“Gamma and Delta are in our rearview mirror. But parts of Yucatan are still underwater after the heavy rainfalls they brought… Mayor Renan Barrera called the events unprecedented…
“A tropical wave in the Caribbean Sea could bring yet more rain Tuesday, forecasters said.”
“Weary residents of coastal Louisiana began cleaning up on Saturday from wind and water damage inflicted by Hurricane Delta to their already storm-battered region, even as it weakened and moved northeast…
““Even if it wasn’t quite as powerful as Hurricane Laura, it was much bigger,” Governor John Bel Edwards told a briefing in Baton Rouge.”
“Cameron and other nearby hamlets have been virtually wiped off the marshy coast by back-to-back hurricanes that leveled homes and swallowed up vast swathes of land… By the time Delta came ashore Friday, there was little left to destroy.
“What’s happened to Cameron is a taste of what may be coming for other towns along the Gulf Coast as climate change takes hold. Warmer Gulf water and moister air are the kindling for tropical cyclones…”
“…a warm-up is forecast to begin Sunday as upper-level high pressure builds into California, the National Weather Service said. High temperatures will climb by several degrees on Sunday.
“California just recorded its hottest September on record, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and the state looks to be stuck in a nearly endless loop of hot, dry weather.“
“In California’s celebrated Napa Valley, instead of welcoming visitors to their wineries for the autumn harvest season, winemakers this year are looking at decimated vineyards. Massive wind-driven wildfires have damaged and destroyed dozens of the region’s famed wineries, many of them family-owned businesses.
“And the coronavirus pandemic hasn’t helped either.”
“The Bay Area has broken the previous record for the most Spare the Air alerts issued in a year — and new records will continue to be set, as the air district extended an alert to Tuesday.
“That will mark alerts for a total of 51 days this year, compared to the previous record of 46 days in 2017…”
“Arizona has just experienced its driest monsoon season on record with an average of just 1.51 inches of rainfall across the state… It’s not a coincidence that it was also one of the hottest summers on record… 2020 was the second consecutive “dry” year in a row.
“Multiple years of dry monsoons can have serious effects on people and Arizona’s wildlands.
“It’s a scary situation for commuters on the Kasoa-Mallam stretch [Ghana] following a massive downpour which began on Saturday dawn.
“Several parts of the road have been taken over by floods from both sides and more water keeps gushing in.”
“South Sudan families displaced by fighting forced out again by floods… The worst rains in living memory have forced nearly 370,000 people to flee their homes since July, and roughly half of South Sudan’s 78 counties have large swathes of land underwater, the U.N. says.
“Scientists attribute the unusual rains to cyclical weather pattern that has been exacerbated by climate change.”
“Wildfires around the Middle East triggered by a heatwave hitting the region have killed three people, forced thousands of people to leave their homes and detonated landmines along the Lebanon–Israel border, state media and officials said Saturday.
“The areas hit by the heatwave are Syria, Lebanon, Israel and the Palestinian territories. The fires come amid an intense heatwave that is unusual for this time of the year.”
“Russian authorities have declared an emergency in the Kezhemsky District in the eastern part of Russia’s Krasnoyarsk Territory following a major oil spill…
“Russia has faced several high-profile pollution-related incidents this year, the most notable one being the one that occurred in the city of Norilsk, the Krasnoyarsk Territory.”
“As the permafrost thaws, the topography of the Arctic will alter dramatically, according to an international study headed by Finnish geographers. [We don’t really need a crack team of Finnish geographers to tell us this.]
“The study, which covered the entire area of permafrost in the Arctic, found that much of the permafrost landforms now occurring in that region was in danger of disappearing some time this century, and the change has already begun.”
You can read the previous ‘Climate’ thread here and visit my Patreon page here. I’ll be back with an ‘Economic’ round-up tomorrow.
“Night-time temperatures of 15-16 degrees Celsius in Norway are not normal for the time of year. The northern part of the country in particular has had an unusually warm start to October.
Bodø, the capital of the North Norway county, registered a temperature of 16.5 degrees on the first day of the month, an all-time record for the location…
“There is a clear trend. North Norway has had the most warming generally, including in the autumn,” Met Norway researcher Helga Therese Tilley Tajet told NRK…
“It is concerning that heat record after heat record is being broken. September was the warmest (September) ever measured globally,” she added.
“Russia’s Siberian Waters See Record Ship Traffic as Ice Melt Accelerates.
“The Arctic has gone through its warmest summer on record, and with the ice melting, more ships than ever are sailing along Russia’s Siberian coast, underscoring its role as a growing energy transport corridor and potential as a new ocean trade route.”
“Fife Airport in Glenrothes [Scotland] recorded a rainfall of 105.6mm water area within 12 hours – the equivalent of a one in 1000 year probability event happening overnight.
“Ross Speirs, service manager, said: “The rainfall we had was way above anything that I have seen in such a short period of time.””
“UK wheat production slumped by 38pc to 10.1m tonnes after a year of extreme weather took its toll on the 2020 harvest, according to official estimates…
“Some East Anglian cereal farmers reported their worst-ever harvests this year after a challenging season which began with continuous rain in autumn and winter, leaving many crops struggling to establish roots, followed by a prolonged dry spell in spring – including East Anglia’s driest May on record – and a heatwave in the summer.”
“Southern France digs out from devastating flash floods…
“People work among tree branches on the beach of Saint-Laurent-du-Var after storm Alex brought record rainfall in places, causing heavy flooding that swept away roads and damaged homes…”
“A rare October heatwave ramped up over Israel on Thursday, bringing blazing temperatures to many parts of the country as an alarmingly hot summer and fall continued to grip the region…
“October heat waves are uncommon but not unprecedented, though they appear to be increasing in recent years… Experts say the number of hot days in the region is increasing, as well as the length of the hot season, due to global warming.”
“September 2020 was the hottest September ever experienced in Bahrain since [record-keeping began in] 1902, Bahrain’s ministry of transportation and telecommunications’ meteorological directorate said.
“Hot and humid weather dominated Bahrain during the month due to the moist easterly to southeasterly winds, the directorate said in its monthly weather report.”
“Floods have displaced thousands of people in Kanara sub-county, Ntoroko district [Uganda]. According to the Uganda Red Cross Society (URCS), the majority of the affected residents prefer to live near the lake because they do fishing.”
“Natural calamities have rendered over 16,000 people homeless in Koyra [Bangladesh] in the past 11 years…
“”The pain that riverbank erosion has caused over the past decade is immense. I have lost everything to the natural calamity — my home, my livelihood,” says Rabiul Islam, a resident of Koyra upazila in Khulna… This year, Cyclone Ampan also caused huge destruction to the coastal upazila…”
“Over 11,000 people have been evacuated to safety in central Vietnam which has been hit by severe flooding following prolonged rains. The entire region has been battered by torrential downpours for the last three days.
“Some areas in Quang Tri Province and neighboring Thua Thien-Hue Province have received 980mm of rain [38.6 inches]. Rainfall of 180 mm a day is considered heavy.”
“A typhoon approaching Japan could bring heavy rains to the Tokyo region over the weekend, weather officials said Thursday, urging residents to take precautions early…
“In the 24 hours through noon Saturday, rainfall of up to 400 millimeters [15.7 inches] is projected for the Tokai area…”
“Wild weather continues to lash parts of Australia as heavy downpours, thunderstorms, hail, ferocious winds and flash flooding create havoc.
Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania have copped the brunt of the conditions in recent days following the formation of a La Nina event and a massive low pressure system spanning much of the country… South Australia has copped the biggest soaking with Adelaide forecast to reach its average October rainfall of 44mm just eight days into the month on Thursday.”
“An arriving La Nina climate system could spell another brutal summer for the South Island’s fast-melting glaciers [New Zealand], a scientist says.
“The warning comes as a new study highlights how these postcard pieces of our stunning natural landscape have already shrunk in just four decades.”
“Bolivia declared a state of disaster due to wildfires ravaging forested and agricultural areas in the eastern part of the country, President Jeanine Anez said on Thursday.
“In 2019, wildfires destroyed more than 6 million hectares in the Bolivian Amazon… “We are declaring a national disaster due to drought and fires,” Anez, the country’s interim leader, said during a press conference. “We are facing a serious threat and we do not want what happened last year to happen again.”
“As Glass Fire burns, Wine Country residents grapple with future: ‘I just can’t deal with this anymore’.
“Bobby Hougen can’t do it anymore. Staying up all night during high fire danger. Trapped inside as smoke clogs the air. Living with go bags packed with pictures, diplomas and a memento from his late grandfather… He hopes to resettle in the Sacramento area, more affordable and less fire-prone, by the end of the year.”
“More than half of Colorado is experiencing extreme drought conditions, with some stretches of the mountains and Western Slope going through the highest level of drought conditions, according to the latest state drought monitor this week.
“And there may only be little relief in sight, with another another weekend of warm and dry conditions across the state…”
“People in Louisiana are bracing themselves for flooding and dangerously high winds for the sixth time this year, as 2020’s extraordinary hurricane season sent yet another major storm in the state’s direction, amid Earth’s accelerating climate crisis…
“Delta is expected to hit areas around the city of Lake Charles that were devastated when Hurricane Laura tore through the region in August…”
“The number of climate change-driven disasters and extreme weather events costing in excess of a billion dollars, has beaten the annual US record in the first nine months of 2020 – with another two months of wildfire and hurricane season still to come…
“Six of those events – unprecedented wildfires in the American West, a drought and heatwave across the west and central belt, a Midwest derecho, then Hurricanes Sally, Laura and Isaias – have all happened in the past three months.” [The patches of blue in the photo are blue tarps, covering roofs still damaged by Hurricane Laura].
“Why are so many trees falling in storms?
“Climate change, droughts, storms, invasive species, and disease are just some of the factors that threaten the health of trees…
““Climate change is having a huge impact on these trees,” said Holman. “With the weather being the way that it is, there’s more stress on the plants…””
“University of Adelaide scientists have shown how droughts are threatening the health of wetlands globally.
“Published in the journal Earth-Science Reviews, the scientists highlight the many physical and chemical changes occurring during droughts that lead to severe, and sometimes irreversible, drying of wetland soils.”
“The ozone hole that typically grows over the Antarctic each September and October has become one of the largest and deepest in recent years — just one year after scientists recorded its smallest size since it was discovered…
“NASA said last year’s ozone hole was particularly small because of unusual weather patterns that cause warmer stratospheric temperatures over Antarctica.”
You can read the previous ‘Climate’ thread here and visit my Patreon page here. I’ll be back with an ‘Economic’ round-up over the weekend.
“September was the hottest on record globally, the EU’s climate service has revealed, putting the world on course for 2020 being the warmest ever year.
“The Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) said on Wednesday that every month this year had ranked within the top four warmest of the month in question, while September had broken records overall.”
“Last month was Russia’s hottest September in more than a century of climate records, with some parts of the country seeing temperature anomalies of over 10 degrees Fahrenheit above average, according to the state weather service.
“Marina Makarova, from the Russian Hydrometeorology Center, told the state-run RIA Novosti news agency that almost every part of the country had experienced temperatures that were several degrees above average in September.”
“Russia’s Norilsk Nickel estimates the environmental cost of a huge fuel spill in the Arctic in May is 21.4 billion roubles ($273 million), far less than an assessment by the country’s environment watchdog, which has begun court action.
“The spill released 21,000 tonnes of diesel into rivers and subsoil near the city of Norilsk in Siberia.”
“A leak of toxic rocket fuel is the likely cause of a pollution catastrophe at one of Russia’s top surfing beaches, says a leading ecologist.
“…it has emerged that a landfill site under active 7,182ft Kozelsky volcano was used to bury rocket fuels as well as arsenic and mercury after the collapse of the USSR.”
“China Turning Russia’s Taiga Into a Desert, Enriching Moscow but Outraging Siberians:
“Since Vladimir Putin became president, Russia’s forests have declined in size by 45 million hectares, some 6 percent of the country’s total. The shrinking forest cover has been the result of the spread of uncontrolled forest fires (80 percent) as well as increased harvesting (20 percent), much of that for export.”
“Monday saw record-breaking temperatures for October 5 in four towns across Estonia.
“The four cities to record new all-time highs… were Tallinn, Pärnu, Tartu and Narva. The highest air temperature overall, 21.2C, was registered in the northwestern town of Haapsalu in the afternoon.”
“The north-east of Scotland was hammered by “never-ending” downpours over the weekend…
“Mongour, Aberdeenshire, according to SEPA statistics, saw more than an average month’s rainfall in just 30 hours. And Craibstone recorded its wettest day ever, with 85.2mm of rain between 10am on Saturday and 10am on Sunday.”
“Belgian meteorologists have confirmed that the extreme weather seen on Monday evening North of Antwerp was a tornado, a relatively uncommon experience in Belgium.
“Several social media users on Monday evening reported seeing a tornado, with video evidence to prove it.”
“Some 2.2 million hectares of arable land, a quarter of Romania’s cultivated land, were ravaged by the extreme drought this year, agriculture minister Adrian Oros announced on Tuesday, October 6.
“Out of the total, one million hectares were cultivated with winter crops (wheat, barley), and another one million hectares had spring crops (sunflower, maize).”
“Corpses from cemeteries have been washing up on Mediterranean shores in France and Italy after flooding at the weekend. The bodies were apparently swept down the mountains by violent rains.
“A total of 12 deaths have been reported since Storm Alex started pounding France’s Alpes-Maritimes region and Italy’s north-western regions of Liguria and Piedmont on Friday.”
“The highest temperature ever for October [in Cyprus] was recorded at the Athalassa meteorological station on Tuesday, where the thermometer hit 38.5C, as the Met office said records were broken in July, August and September…
“On September 4, the highest temperature ever recorded in Cyprus, 46.2C, was measured in Athalassa, beating the previous record of 45.6C on August 1, 2010.”
“The number of people hit by seasonal flooding in East Africa has increased more than five fold in four years, according to UN figures. Nearly six million people have been affected this year with 1.5 million of them forced from their homes.
“Parts of the region are recording the heaviest rains in a century.”
“India’s famous monsoon has come to an end, and for the second consecutive year, the country observed an “excess” rainy season. The rainfall average across the nation reached 109% of normal. This falls one percentage point shy of 2019’s historic season of 110% above normal…
“This makes the first time back-to-back rainy seasons [India] had this large of a rainfall surplus since the 1950s… However, the country’s population of over 1.3 billion still faces a long-term crisis as it heads toward outgrowing its water supply.”
“…the annual flooding of Vietnam’s Mekong Delta from the upstream Mekong before reaching the sea no longer occurs.
“There was heavy rain a few weeks ago, and water had filled up canals and then reached the fields… But soon a scorching sun replaced the rains and water dropped, leaving the field dry and cracked once again.”
“A three-year-old girl died after she was swept away by floods triggered by heavy rains in Lao Cai Province [Vietnam] early Tuesday…
“The provincial meteorological station has confirmed the downpour to be the heaviest October rain in 63 years, measuring at 400 mm in nine hours. Rainfall of 180 mm in 24 hours is considered heavy.”
“Floods hit low lying areas of the city and several districts in the west coast of Sabah [Indonesia] following heavy overnight downpours.
“In the outlying areas of the city, dozens of cars parked in low lying spots were partially submerged while many offices and schools saw a low attendance.”
“A bushfire that destroyed most of a village in New Zealand’s South Island has sparked a fierce debate between high-country farmers and conservationists, as those affected struggle to understand the unusually fierce nature of the blaze…
“…about 50 of the village’s 70 homes were destroyed, as was 4,600 hectares of land, of which 1,900 are conservation estate.”
“After a week of high temperatures and low air humidity, the National Institute of Meteorology (Inmet) for Brazil has issued a warning of “great danger” due to a heat wave in much of the Midwest, part of the North and Southeast .
“According to Inmet, there is a risk of death from hyperthermia…”
“Rainforests are highly sensitive to changes in rainfall and moisture levels, and fires and prolonged droughts can result in areas losing trees and shifting to a savannah-like mix of woodland and grassland. In the Amazon, such changes were… thought to be many decades away.
“New research shows that this tipping point could be much closer than previously thought. As much as 40% of the existing Amazon rainforest is now at a point where it could exist as a savannah instead of as rainforest.”
“Hurricane Delta rapidly intensified on Tuesday, becoming a category 4 storm with 140mph winds, on course to hammer south-eastern Mexico and the US Gulf coast.
“Delta is the earliest 25th named storm to form in the Atlantic, beating the old record of 15 November 2005, according to Colorado State University hurricane researcher Phil Klotzbach.”
“Phoenix has had five consecutive days of 105 degrees or greater in October, a new record for the month.”
“Two decades into a severe drought on the Navajo reservation, the open range around Maybelle Sloan’s sheep farm stretches out in a brown expanse of earth and sagebrush…
“The summer monsoon rains have failed again in Arizona…“
“California’s extraordinary year of wildfires has spawned another new milestone – the first “gigafire”, a blaze spanning 1m acres, in modern history.
“On Monday, the August complex fire in northern California expanded beyond 1m acres, elevating it from a mere “megafire” to a new classification, “gigafire”, never used before in a contemporary setting in the state.”
“New world record smashes previous record, 232 waterspouts over the Great Lakes:
“From September 28 – October 4th, 232 waterspouts/funnels were sighted over the Great Lakes, according to International Centre for Waterspout Research. This is the world record for the highest recorded number of waterspouts over the Great Lakes during a 7-day period… This smashes the previous record of 88 waterspouts, that took place from August 16-18, 2020.”
“…a landslide-generated tsunami is likely within 20 years and could happen at any time. If a landslide occurs, the resulting tsunami in Barry Arm [Alaska] could produce waves that are hundreds of feet high.
“Other, more distant bays—such as the more heavily populated Passage Canal (about 30 miles/50 kilometers away)—could see 30-foot (9-meter) waves.”
“Bleak views of melting Antarctic ice, from above and below – Two troubling recent studies clarify projections of sea-level rise:
“The observed changes to these glaciers are worrisome enough, but the authors are especially troubled by signs that the decline is speeding up. Lhermitte and his co-authors posit that the types of damage they documented are signs that “these ice shelves are already preconditioned for further disintegration.”
“The region may have passed a tipping point…”
You can read the previous ‘Climate’ thread here and visit my Patreon page here. I’ll be back with an ‘Economic’ round-up tomorrow.
“Seven bodies have been found in a region straddling the French-Italian border near Nice after torrential rains swept houses and roads away, officials in both countries said… It brings to nine the total number of people found dead…
“Officials in the Piedmont region reported a record 630mm (24.8 inches) of rain in just 24 hours in Sambughetto, near Switzerland – more than half its annual average rainfall…
“In France …up to 500mm of rain fell in less than 10 hours, a volume not seen since records began, the French prime minister, Jean Castex, said on Saturday.”
“Global warming is driving an unprecedented rise in sea temperatures including in the Mediterranean, according to a major new report published by the peer-reviewed Journal of Operational Oceanography.
“Data from the European Union’s (EU) Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS) will increase concerns about the threat to the world’s seas and oceans from climate change.”
“The tripartite negotiations between Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia concerning the controversial Grand Ethiopia Renaissance Dam on the Blue Nile river are still shrouded in uncertainty, instilling fear of drought into about 50 percent of the population, and thousands of Egyptian farmers whose livelihoods rely on cultivating only 3 percent of Egypt’s territories.
“As the Nile River supplies about 93 percent of Egypt’s annual renewable water resources, the construction of the dam imposes great threats to the nation…”
“China’s Corn Imports Hit Record High and are Estimated to Touch 7 Million Metric Tonnes.
“The Chinese government increased its import estimates of corn for both 2019-20 and 2020-21. This might have been due to the tightening supply situation in the country.
“To elaborate, a typhoon hit the northeastern part of Chinese corn production. The said typhoon might reduce domestic production by 5-10 million tonnes…”
“Typhoons and floods destroyed thousands of homes in North Korea this summer, spurring Kim Jong Un to order the military and even Pyongyang’s elite party members to frantically rebuild dozens of villages nationwide.
“But many of the homes that Typhoons Maysak and Typhoon Haishen flooded in early September were actually newly-built only four years ago.. the country appears to be building new homes inside the same flood zones that were in a state of disaster last month.”
“Four people were reported missing, with one of them feared dead, as floods and landslides damaged houses and a bridge in Indonesia’s western province of West Java on Saturday (Oct 3) evening, according to disaster agency officials.
“Heavy downpours has caused a river to overflow, engulfing houses in the surrounding areas in the Cianjur district.”
“Sydney’s hottest area reached temperatures above 50 degrees across several locations on three separate days last summer… heat loggers placed at 120 locations around the local government area for heat research commissioned by Penrith City Council found that on that day the mercury rose to 52 degrees in the suburb of Berkshire Park, 51.5 in Agnes Banks, and 50.1 in Badgerys Creek.
“”There’s no more waiting, climate change is actually happening now,” Dr Sebastian Pfautsch, a senior lecturer in urban studies at the School of Social Sciences at WSU said.”
“Wildfires have destroyed up to 50 homes in New Zealand, authorities announced Monday, saying it was a miracle no one was hurt as “a wall of orange” razed most of a remote South Island village…
“New Zealand this year experienced its warmest winter on record, which the National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) said was consistent with a long-term trend of rising temperatures linked to climate change.”
“New footage has captured the incredible natural occurrence of a ‘fire tornado’ as firefighters continue to battle multiple blazes across Canterbury [New Zealand].
“A 1600-hectare fire still burning near the small Lake Ohau Village decimated the area earlier on Sunday after a major forest fire ripped through the Mackenzie Basin.”
“Brazilian tribes caught between burning wetlands and Covid-19:
“…this year’s fire season has broken records after an abnormally long drought and increasing levels of illegal deforestation… The number of blazes in the Pantanal has increased by 200 per cent since 2019, and an estimated one-fifth of the entire biome has been destroyed since the beginning of the year.”
“[Brazil’s] heatwave continues to break records and temperature approaches 50°C…
“It is in the Pantanal , where fires destroy large forest areas, that the heat will be greatest. In Corumbá, the day started with a minimum of 25°C, but the maximum can reach 48°C.”
“Storm Gamma is forecast to bring extremely heavy rain to portions of Mexico over the next several days.
“Flash flooding and mudslides remain a concern as Gamma makes landfall across the Yucatan today.”
“Cuba has issued a hurricane watch as a storm system brews south of Jamaica, with forecasters expecting it to gain strength as it moves northwest towards the Gulf of Mexico.
“Potential Tropical Cyclone (PTC) 26 was located 90 miles south of Kingston, Jamaica, Sunday evening…”
“Wildfires in California have burned more than 4 million acres (1.6 million hectares) in 2020, over twice the previous record for any year and an area larger than Connecticut, the state’s fire agency reported on Sunday.
“The most-populous U.S. state has suffered five of its six largest wildfires in history this year as heat waves and dry-lightning sieges coincided with drier conditions that climate scientists blame on global warming.”
“Fall foliage faltering under ‘extreme drought’ conditions…
“Over 75% of the West is under drought conditions. Over 80% of Massachusetts, Maine, Rhode Island and New Hampshire are experiencing severe drought… While the drought may trigger more vibrant colors, the timing may be premature.”
“Longer and hotter heatwaves driven by climate change are becoming an increasingly dangerous – and costly – menace, with sweltering cities often picking up the tab for everything from repairing melted roads to running more cooling centres.
“But a new way to cut the financial risks is emerging: heatwave insurance.”
[Derivatives could save the global economy from climate change. Who knew?]
“The black volcanic sand of Khalaktyrsky beach – one of the gems of the Kamchatka peninsula… is littered with hundreds of dead sea animals, from deep-sea Giant Pacific octopuses, to seals, sea urchins, stars, crabs and fish.
“The Pacific Ocean waves, once favoured by local surfers and loved by tourists, now have a strong toxic smell; water colour has a clear yellow tinge.”
“The year 2020 is the hottest in the Antarctic Peninsula in the past three decades, a study by the University of Santiago de Chile out Friday found… Those temperatures are “more than 2 degrees Celsius over typical values,” climatologist Raul Cordero said in a statement released by the Chilean Antarctic Institute…
“He called that fact “alarming,” since it could indicate that the rapid rate of ocean warming observed in the area at the end of the 20th century is resuming.”
You can read the previous ‘Climate’ thread here and visit my Patreon page here. I’ll be back tomorrow with an ‘Economic’ thread.
“The heat wave that hits Brazil has broken historical temperature records in Mato Grosso do Sul [a midwestern state of Brazil, with thermometers measuring over 44ºC in some areas.
“So far, at least four municipalities have broken their highest records.” [No English source for this so the article is in Portuguese.]
“Forest fires burning in Argentina’s Cordoba province advanced on September 30, encroaching on Villa Carlos Paz, according to local reports. Footage taken in Villa Carlos Paz shows resident forming a bucket line in an attempt so extinguish flames…
“The governor of Cordoba Province, Juan Schiaretti, noted that the region was experiencing the driest conditions in the last 65 years.”
“California’s relentless fire season is leaving residents stressed, scared and wondering how much more they can take.
“Nearly four million acres have burned across California in 2020 alone and more than 8,000 structures have been damaged or destroyed, according to California fire officials.”
“Rent prices continued to plunge across the U.S. last month, with San Francisco leading the decline, according to data from Zumper, a real-estate start-up…
““The wildfires and hazardous air conditions added another incentive and may have “tipped the balance about their medium-term location choices…””
“The monsoon season came and went without any measurable rain in the Las Vegas Valley, tying a record set more than 75 years ago.
“With only a trace amount of rain between June and September, 2020 tied with the 1944 record for the driest monsoon season since the National Weather Service began recording in 1937.”
“Palm Springs is expected to break its record for most days with triple-digit temperatures during a calendar year on Thursday, and the bad news is the Coachella Valley is not yet done with the heat.
“Thursday will be the city’s 136th day with triple-digit temperatures in 2020, surpassing the previous record of 135 days set in 1958…”
“Colder air may be plunging into the United States this week, but so far in 2020, over 47,000 daily warm records have been tied or set, trouncing the number of cold records.
“Through Sept. 29, NOAA’s Daily Weather Records website showed 19,916 daily record highs… In all, daily warm records outnumbered cold by a ratio of more than 2 to 1.”
“The historic hurricane season isn’t over yet: The 24th named storm is likely in the next few days.”
“Trees and woods which inspired the likes of Beatrix Potter and John Constable could be lost due to a surge in a disease affecting ash, the National Trust has warned…
“This year’s record numbers have been blamed on climate change and the UK having one of the warmest and driest springs on record. The increased temperatures are putting trees under stress and making them more susceptible to the disease, the trust said.”
“The summer of 2020 closes a decade marked by heat waves in Spain, increasingly numerous, longer and more intense. In the last ten years, 23 such episodes have been recorded, double the number in any of the previous decades.
“And not only their number has doubled, but also the duration…”
“At least nine people have died and fourteen more hospitalised after a number of forest fires swept through Ukraine’s eastern region of Luhansk, according to authorities.
“As many as 120 people have also been evacuated from villages in the area, the emergency services said in a statement on Thursday.”
“Greek meteorologists say a record heatwave will hit starting next week.
“According to meteorologist Giannis Kallianos, temperatures will reach abnormally high levels for the season in certain areas of the country starting from Sunday.”
“Hottest September seared into Israeli record books… above-average temperatures have persisted throughout most of September, especially during an extreme heatwave that hit the country on September 3…
“Temperatures in Jerusalem have exceeded 31°C (88°F) across a 24-day stretch for the first time since record-keeping began in the capital in 1867.”
“The death toll from floods in Nigeria has risen to 95, according to local media… Sixteen more people were killed in floods caused by heavy rains in 19 regions of Jigawa state…
“Thousands of people have become homeless and tens of thousands of hectares of cultivated land have been submerged.”
“Record floods in Sudan have affected nearly one third of cultivated land and about 3 million people from agricultural households, worsening already acute levels of food insecurity, the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization said on Wednesday.
“The floods have added to hardship in Sudan, already struggling with an economic crisis…”
“Floods to hammer parts of Afghanistan amid heavy rains… ‘The provinces of Kunar, Parwan, Badakhshan, Nangarhar, Noorsitan and Laghman will be witnessing flash floods, but Parwan is more in danger,’ said Mohammad Nasim Moradi, head of weather forecast program…
“Tens of people died, while hundreds more lost their houses when flash flooding swept through Parwan province last month.”
“Wild elephants in Sri Lanka have been found with plastic products and non-digestive polythene in their stomachs after eating rubbish at a dump encroaching on their habitat.
“Heartbreaking images of the elephants foraging for food on a refuse facility in Oluvil were captured by Jaffna-based photographer Tharmaplan Tilaxan.”
“The climate crisis is heating up nights faster than days in many parts of the world, according to the first worldwide assessment of how global heating is differently affecting days and nights.
“The findings have “profound consequences” for wildlife and their ability to adapt to the climate emergency…”
“August 2020 was about 2.14°C hotter than the average month recorded on Earth since 1880.
“As confirmed by NASA and NOAA, the months from February to April as well August 2020 were the second-warmest in history. Data from NASA shows the Earth gradually heating up since the late 19th century. Since the year 2000, this trend seems to have accelerated…”
“Dramatic changes in the Arctic suggest climate change could return Earth to Pliocene conditions of 3 million years ago.
“Florida and California’s Central Valley would be under water, and it would be too hot to grow corn and wheat in the Midwest and Great Plains.”
“Satellite imagery has revealed that two of the fastest-changing glaciers in Antarctica are fracturing and weakening faster than ever—the first step towards the glaciers disintegrating and causing sea levels to rise dramatically…
“Both have distinctly changed in morphology in recent decades along with changing atmospheric and oceanic conditions, with the warming oceans causing ice shelves to melt, thin, and retreat.”
You can read the previous ‘Climate’ thread here and visit my Patreon page here. I’ll be back with an ‘Economic’ round-up over the weekend.