Climate 15 Jan 2019 Antarctica Melting at Alarming Rate

“A pair of new studies released on Monday share a same ominous message — that our planet’s ice is melting at an alarming rate, which is bad news for global sea levels.

“According to a study led by Eric Rignot from the University of California at Irvine, which looked at details of ice and snow from the entire continent of Antarctica since 1979, Antarctica’s crucial ice sheet has been melting for the entire 39 year period, but that is just the tip of the iceberg, so to speak.

“Antarctica is melting away,” Rignot told CNN, “not just in a couple of places.””

“Warmer, wetter weather after days of heavy snowfall has increased the risk of avalanches in parts of southern Germany, Austria and Switzerland.

“In Bavaria, snow melt has flooded several roads and some basements in the town of Harburg as the Woernitz river swelled overnight. Dozens of people have already died in avalanches and weather-related accidents in the region since the start of the year.”

“The year 2018 was the hottest in Slovakia since records began, according to several weather stations. The average annual temperature was 12 degrees Celsius or more. The average temperature in Žihárec (Nitra Region) was even higher: 13 degrees Celsius, the Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute (SHMÚ) informed.

““This value was recorded for the first time in the history of meteorological measurements in Slovakia,” SHMÚ wrote on its website.”

“Syrian refugees in Lebanon are struggling with the aftermath of a storm that drenched the country’s eastern and northern regions, delivered floodwaters and damaged hundreds of makeshift camps. Storm Norma, which last week brought with it incessant rain and snowfall, affected more than 22,000 refugees…

“A new storm, dubbed Storm Miriam, hit the country on Sunday evening. It is expected to bring snowfall and continue until January 17, exacerbating already dire conditions across Lebanon’s Syrian refugee camps.”

“Massive flooding hit northern towns as parts of the country, including Jerusalem, braced for snow over the next few days.

“Forecasts predicted an overnight freeze and local rain in the mountainous parts of the Galilee and Jerusalem regions, slowly building up until Wednesday, when major storms are expected to hit Israel’s shores.”

“A major winter storm that hammered the Midwest and mid-Atlantic over the weekend missed Upstate New York, but another one looms for next weekend. The National Weather Service office in Binghamton said a “potentially major winter storm” is shaping up for Saturday and Sunday, and has already alerted the media and emergency managers.”

“A deadly winter storm that claimed the lives of at least nine people pummeled the mid-Atlantic region, leading to power outages, canceled flights and hundreds of car accidents.

“The winter storm began to unfold over the region on Friday afternoon with heavy snow and freezing rain across Missouri and Kansas. Some motorists became stranded on the snow-covered roads for hours, and additional travel delays continued through Sunday.”

“A series of Pacific storms will bring heavy rain, extreme winds and deep snow to California through the week. These rains could lead to mudflows in areas burned by wildfires earlier in the year. A mandatory evacuation has already been issued for residents in the Holy Fire burn area.”

“PG&E, the largest utility in California, announced Monday that it will file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection at the end of the month, providing a 15-day advance notice required by law.

“What’s forcing the company into this unsavory position is upward of $30 billion in liability after record-breaking deadly wildfires in 2017 and 2018 torched big swaths of California. Investigators have attributed more than 1,500 fires to PG&E power lines and hardware…”

“Temperatures soared into the mid-teens across southern Alberta last weekend, smashing records and sending many out to bask in the mid-winter sunshine. While a major cool-down is on the way for this week, one thing that doesn’t feature in the forecast — and hasn’t for much of the winter thus far — is snow.”

“Port Augusta in South Australia has reached 48.9C on Tuesday, as a heatwave sets in across much of Australia threatening more record hot days.

“All-time highest minimum temperatures have also been broken in three places. Meekatharra in Western Australia and Fowlers Gap and White Cliffs in New South Wales all registered an overnight minimum of 33C on Monday.”

“The NSW Department of Primary Industries said on Jan. 15 there has been another fish kill at the NSW-Victorian border at Lake Hume. The department announced that some 1,800 fish had died at Lake Hume, which is part of the Murray River system, and that the cause of the mass deaths is so far unknown, according to AAP.”

“Video and pictures have emerged showing some of the dry lightning strikes on Tasmania’s east coast as the fires increase in dangerous weather conditions.

“About 1,500 lightning strikes were recorded across the state overnight, with 500 reported between 9:00am and midday on Tuesday.”

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Climate 14 Jan 2019 All-Time Heat Records May Fall in Australia

“Parts of central Western Australia, South Australia, Victoria, New South Wales and Tasmania are forecast to experience a severe heatwave until Thursday, with the hot weather contracting to New South Wales and Queensland on Friday and Saturday…

“The hottest spot in NSW will be Menindee, near Broken Hill, with forecast temperatures of 45C on Monday rising to 47C on Thursday, and Friday expected to contribute to more fish deaths.

“As many as 1m fish are believed to have died in two mass fish kills in the Menindee Lakes since December.

“The heatwave is caused by a strong high-pressure system that has dragged hot air from the Pilbara in Western Australia, where temperatures in Marble Bar have been above 40C since mid-December, said Ashleigh Langey from the Bureau of Meteorology…

“hot weather records could be broken in northern Victoria, with temperatures of 46C forecast for Mildura on Tuesday and Mildura, Swan Hill and Echuca on Wednesday. Albury-Wodonga, Shepparton and Wangaratta are also forecast to be very hot.

“The hottest temperature ever recorded in Mildura is 46.9C.

““If we get to 47C in the next couple of days then we will be breaking not just January records but all-time hot weather records as well,” BoM senior forecaster Michael Efron said.

“Weeks of heavy rains and flooding have killed at least nine people in Papua New Guinea, with authorities warning more bad weather and devastation could be on the way.

“Central Province Disaster Division Coordinator Tumai Ipo told AFP Monday they have received reports of at least nine deaths, with many more families left homeless or without access to safe drinking water.”

“The flood of different rivers and streams in the interior of Uruguay

“…due to the heavy rains that have hit the country in recent days has led to the displacement of 1,170 people , 85% of them in the department of Durazno, reported on Saturday. National Emergency System.”

“In the last 11 days, 400 millimetres [over 15 inches] of rain fell in the northeast of Santa Fe province [Argentina], the INTA reported. El Nochero, Santa Margarita and Villa Minetti were among the towns most affected.

“The town of Los Amores in Santa Fe registered rainfall of 740 millimetres [nearly 30 inches] in one week, which is the equivalent of its total annual average.”

“The threat for flooding and mudslides is expected to ramp up across California as the train of storms with heavy rain, mountain snow and gusty winds persists this week… Burn scar areas will be most susceptible to devastating debris flows, and residents living in these areas should heed all evacuation orders by officials. Flooding and mudslides may not be limited to these communities.”

“A winter storm that blanketed the Midwest with snow and left seven dead hit Washington and its surrounding areas Sunday — with more than 35 million people under winter weather alerts.

“Up to a foot of snowfall is possible in Washington and Virginia on Sunday and into Monday morning, the National Weather Service said.”

“Like almost all farmers in the northern ends of Escambia and Santa Rosa counties [Florida], 2018 was one for the record books, and not in a good way. The Pensacola area saw just over 90 inches of rain total last year, which is 2 feet more than it normally does. Mickey Diamond, a cotton and peanut farmer in Jay, said his town saw over 100 inches of rain.

“The rain was relentless, farmers said.”

““It’s basically chaotic,” says Tony of the new climatic normal.

““It’s non-stop flowers from now on. Winters are milder on average and there’s every opportunity to have a riot of lovely flowers from December right through till spring.” …Deadly floods in Bangladesh, devastating wildfires in California, melting glaciers in Greenland, coral bleaching in the oceans – this is climate change in action.”

“Southern Germany and Austria can expect further heavy snowfall over the next few days, forecasters have warned, after unusually severe weather left five people dead in the Alps region.

“Up to 80 centimeters (31 inches) of fresh snow is expected above 1,000 meters (3,280 feet) until Tuesday, along with more than half a meter at lower altitudes.”

“Syrian refugees in Lebanon are enduring yet another heavy storm, bringing more rains and snowfall to the camps in the country’s eastern and northern regions…

“Lebanon is home to more than one million Syrian refugees, most of whom live in informal settlements made out of tarpaulin tents supported by wooden frames.”

“Two cars were washed away Sunday in flash flooding near Nahal Hilazon, a stream in northern Israel. Rescue units arrived at the scene and saved the lives of both drivers. The country has been hit with heavy rains this winter. Last week an IDF soldier drowned in a training exercise when attempting to cross Nahal Hilazon.”

“The waters off the UAE are already extremely warm…

“The Arabian Gulf’s waters are also set to become saltier as heat increases the rate of evaporation, Dr Plancherel said, and the region’s problem of “hypoxia”, or low water oxygen levels, is likely to become more severe and widespread.”

“More than 20 people have been killed following violent storms and flash flooding in three countries most vulnerable to harsh weather patterns in Southern Africa in recent days.

“Mozambique is the worst affected, with at least 18 people dead after lightning strikes and river flooding in different parts of the Niassa and Zambezia provinces.”

“International climate scientists believe that man-made climate change and its effect on rainfall made the drought in the Western Cape province over the past few years about three times more likely.

“Between 2015 and 2018, the province experienced below average rainfall, resulting in the worst drought since 1904.”

“U.S. Navy secretary has hinted at sending a group of ships to the Arctic this summer to reinforce the country’s presence in the polar area.

“Arctic sea ice has been steadily receding due to global warming. As a result, more navigable areas and new shipping routes are opening up for exploration.”

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Climate 11 Jan 2019 Historic Snowstorm for Europe

“Heavy snowfalls brought chaos to parts of Germany and Sweden on Friday, leaving roads blocked, trains halted and schools shut.

“The Red Cross helped drivers stuck on a motorway in the southern German state of Bavaria as schools and rail services were also hit. A nine-year-old boy was killed by a falling tree on Thursday.

“Northern Sweden was hit by a storm that made roads impassable.

“Austrian rescuers had to battle through chest-deep snow to reach a snowboarder…

“”Such quantities of snow above 800m altitude only happen once every 30 to 100 years,” said Alexander Radlherr from Austria’s Central Institution for Meteorology and Geodynamics.

“Swedish reports spoke of hurricane force winds in parts of the north. One area recorded winds of 49.7m per second (111mph) as Storm Jan ravaged Stekenjokk near the Norwegian border.

“Conditions on Friday were particularly treacherous in Bavaria, where the local broadcaster said snowfalls were paralysing public life.”

“Had enough of the freezing temperatures, rainy days and bouts of hail that have been hitting Malta in the last couple of weeks? Well, tough luck. Numerous weather forecasts are predicting “large amounts of hail” might fall in some places in Malta and Gozo this weekend, particularly tonight.”

“More than 11,000 children living in camps in northern Syria have been affected by torrential rains that have caused floods and washed away tents.

“Severe winter weather has caused misery in Idlib province, which is home to around 1.5 million Syrians who have been displaced from other parts of the country.”

“A shortage of rain and snow, a booming population and wasteful consumption have drained the Afghan capital’s water basin and sparked a race to the bottom as households and businesses bore deeper and deeper wells in search of the precious resource…

“Every year 80 million cubic metres (2.8 billion cubic feet) of water are extracted from Kabul’s aquifers – nearly double the natural recharge rate through precipitation.”–population-strain-supply-11109518

“The Langmale research group commented that hundreds of glacial lakes have formed in the Nepal Himalayas in recent decades due to the rapid glacial recession caused by the warming climate.

“An increase in glacial lakes could lead to increased frequency of glacial lake outburst floods.”

“Warmer temperatures, combined with less cloud cover and rain, contributed to the rise in Hong Kong’s hazardous ozone, says the Environmental Protection Department… “Clocking in at 52 micrograms per cubic metre, the ozone figure was slightly up on 2017’s record high of 51mcg.”

“Nine people have been confirmed dead and one missing following heavy floods in Papual New Guinea’s Central Province.

“The unexpected high level of rainfall and high winds caught many by surprise.”

“Brollies and bathers are set to be in equal demand across Australia this weekend, with heatwaves and thunderstorms forecast to sweep the country. South Australia is bracing for six days of high temperatures, with the heatwave set to challenge the state’s electricity network. The Bureau of Meteorology has forecast very hot conditions across the state from today until at least next Wednesday, with maximums for Adelaide likely to peak in the low 40s…. Birdsville near the Northern Territory border is predicted to reach 46 degrees next week…”

“Bolivia’s National Service of Meteorology and Hydrology (Senamhi) declared a red alert for flood risk with agricultural impact due to overflows in rivers of Santa Cruz, Beni and the Cochabamba tropics.

“It is foreseen the possible affectation in crops of banana, banana, citrus, rice, beans, cereals, corn and cassava.”

“The storm [NW Argentina] registered on Wednesday night and continued until early Thursday…

“…while the rain reached 300mm [nearly 12 inches] in 36 hours in some areas.”

“If it seems like it has been unusually wet lately, it’s not your imagination. The last four years is the wettest on record at Dallas/Fort Worth Airport, the official reporting station.

“A total of 190.68 inches fell between Jan. 1, 2015, and Dec. 31, 2018, besting the previous 4-year record that ended in 1992 by almost eight inches.”

“The oceans are warming faster than previously estimated, setting a new temperature record in 2018 in a trend that is damaging marine life, scientists said on Thursday.”–scientists.html

“The year 2019 has already begun and scientists had warned since last year itself that 2019 may be the hottest year ever recorded. All thanks to two factors, one of them being an El Nino year along with global warming at its peak.”

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Climate 10 Jan 2019 Devastating Floods Hit Lebanon

Devastating floods and near-freezing temperatures bring death and more chaos to Syrian refugee camps in Lebanon.

Bekaa Valley, Lebanon – “Mohamed Kassaf, 32, was in his tent with his four children when a storm hit. The river outside Hoor refugee camp overflowed. Rain and sewage water seeped through the tent’s tarpaulin sheets.

“The water went from tent to tent. We kept moving from room to room until I couldn’t take it anymore. I had the kids sent somewhere else,” recalls Kassaf. He spent the night in his bed soaked and waiting for the storm to pass.

“The water rose to nearly half a meter at many of the Syrian refugee camps in Lebanon’s Bekaa Valley this week. Aid workers in the area say that some 600 refugee families were forced to evacuate their homes, braving rain, sleet and strong winds to find shelter. They trudged through sewage water that burst through the drainage system to get to shelter.

“In the northern town of Minyeh, an 8-year-old Syrian girl died during the storm after she fell into a river and drowned.

“Rahma Mohammed Ali, 60, is visually impaired and lives in a tent on her own. When the storm that meteorologists called Norma struck on Monday, her neighbors helped her get out. “It was chaotic and completely humiliating. And the smell of the sewage was just deadly,” says Ali.”

“Most of the rain fell in the north, revitalizing the Sea of Galilee (Kinneret) the main source of Israel’s drinking water. The level of the Kinneret on Wednesday was recorded at 214.24 meters, up 22cm (8.66 inches) in the past week.

“Israel is an arid country with about 70 percent of the average rain falling between November and March. Rainfall in December broke a 30-year record…”

“Record rainfall during the last few days has nearly doubled water levels in Cyprus dams, with some reservoirs reaching capacity and overflowing, while others had excess water diverted to the giant Kouris dam, near Limassol, music to the ears of farmers…

“Combined with the rapid drop in temperatures, due to a cold front moving eastward from Greece, a lot of the rain has become snow, with snowfall reported on Wednesday morning at 70cm on the island’s highest peak of Mt Olympus…”

“Austria could face 10 feet of snow in the next few days as fierce winter weather continues to strike central Europe this week. Parts of Austria have already had more snow this month than they usually do in the whole of January, with more snow expected before the weekend.

“The tourist season in the Alps has also been hit with more than 1,000 miles of ski slope and 450 ski lifts closed because of the weather.”

“Only the seventh recorded January tornado for Pennsylvania, an EF-1 bounced along Smith Road just north of New Lebanon around 11:30 Tuesday morning.

“”January is the month when you think of salt for your driveway and snow shovels, not clean up tree damage from a tornado. This was, again, a rare event,” said Fred McMullen, a NWS Pittsburgh meteorologist.

“Wind gusts of 95 mph tore apart trees along a nearly three-mile stretch.”

“Mover over Waseca. It appears Harmony, Minnesota set a brand new all-time state of Minnesota precipitation record in 2018. The National Weather Service cooperative weather observer in Harmony recorded an astounding 60.21″ of precipitation last year… That 60.21″ total smashes the previous all-time state record of 56.24″ set in Waseca just two years ago in 2016.”

“Floodwater is over the Bruce Highway south of Townsville [Australia] this morning, after more than 400mm of rain has fallen in parts of the Burdekin region.

“Strathbogie, south of Ayr, recorded 130mm [5.2 inches] in the three hours to 3am while Groper Creek copped 108mm. Strathbogie has had a total of 432mm [17 inches] in the 24 hours to 9am.”

“You’ve probably heard warnings about box jellyfish that swarm off Hawaii beaches from time to time, but there’s a different species of box jellyfish now in the waters off Australia with venom 100 times more powerful than a cobra.

“The heat wave that’s caused record temperatures in Australia has warmed the waters offshore as well, and jellyfish are responding. Last week, more than 13,000 people were stung by a record surge of bluebottles.”

“Australia had its third warmest year on record in 2018, a year marked by severe drought in parts of the country and a prolonged bushfire season, the Bureau of Meterology said, with the dry conditions expected to persist in coming months.

“Maximum temperatures across Australia were the second-warmest on record at 1.55 degrees C (2.8 degrees F) above average, just behind the hottest year in 2013.”

“Up to a million fish, including huge stocks of large freshwater cod, have died in Australia’s largest river system as a crippling drought and heatwave threaten ecological catastrophe.

“The mass death near the mining centre of Broken Hill, 700 miles west of Sydney, is the latest in a series of similar events along parts of the 1,800-mile Murray-Darling river network which experts said were unprecedented.”

“Lake Baikal, the world’s oldest, deepest lake, is feeling the temperature of human-induced climate change.

“Situated in southern Siberia, Baikal occupies one of the fastest warming regions on the planet and, as a result, the lake itself has got warmer, seasonal ice is present for a shorter period of time and has got thinner, and its waters have become stratified for longer periods. These changes have already had an impact on the lake’s microscopic life…”

“Planet Earth is alive. Deep beneath its skin, its life blood — rivers of molten iron — pulse around its core. And this mobile iron is what generates the magnetic field that causes auroras — and keeps us alive.

“But, according to the science journal Nature, something strange is going on deep down below.

“It’s causing the magnetic North Pole to ‘skitter’ away from Canada, towards Siberia.

““The magnetic pole is moving so quickly that it has forced the world’s geomagnetism experts into a rare move,” Nature reports.”

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Climate 9 Jan 2019 Freaky January Rain for Southeast Asia

“It rained all day on Sunday in Port Blair in South Andaman Island, as the remnants of cyclone Pabuk spread over the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

“Pabuk was already unusual in being the first cyclone to make landfall in Thailand in 30 years, but maybe more unusually, the first ever recorded in the Gulf of Thailand in January.

“January, February and March are climatologically dry months for most of Southeast Asia…

“It has been raining in Sittwe and Mandalay, both in Myanmar, since Monday afternoon. It started in the borderlands of Thailand, Laos and China early on Tuesday.

“It is so unusual that, for example, in the Chinese city of Mengla, on the border with both Myanmar and Laos, the 88mm of rain that has fallen so far make up more than the expected rainfall for the first six months of the year…

“Chiang Rai in northern Thailand should be reliably dry – this is the time for honeymooners to come to Thailand – and yet 38mm of rain fell on Tuesday.

“January’s average is 7.5mm. Chiang Mai, further south but still in northern Thailand lists a mere 4.2mm of rain in a usual January. On Tuesday, as the rare thunder rumbled, 35mm of rain poured down.

“Huay Xai, on the Lao side of the upper reaches of the Mekong, records one day with rain in an average January. Well that’s just happened with a surprising 63mm of thundery rain. Buon Neu, also in northern Laos has reported 92mm in 33 hours, and it’s still raining. The average for January is 15mm.

“Over these three days, Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday, the forecast total rainfall is somewhere between 100mm and 200mm. That amount would set new records in most places and is likely to cause landslides.”

“Last year was Hong Kong’s third warmest year, with the hottest May since records began, the Observatory said on Tuesday.

“The Observatory said the city’s warm weather in 2018 was part of a global phenomenon, with the year on course to be the world’s fourth warmest recorded year.”

“A treacherous cyclone is set to wreak havoc across Queensland over the next few days, as it nears closer to the coast. Experts have warned Cyclone Penny could cause over one month’s worth of rain, 200mm, in a matter of days – with the average monthly rainfall for the Tropical North at just 168mm per month.”

“A major dust storm swept over parts of New South Wales on Tuesday afternoon, with hundreds of homes losing power…

“…as the incredible red dust clouds engulfed Riverina towns. Temora, Ariah Park and Barellan were hit by the huge clouds that turned the skies a deep red.”

“”The last two years, we’ve had very warm ocean temperatures around New Zealand …

“…because we are an island: as the seas go, we go.” Warm north-easterly winds blew over land into Wellington on Wednesday, bringing with it the high temperature.”

“Zimbabwe’s farmers are urging authorities to undertake cloud seeding to ease an early-season drought that’s hurting crops and destroying cattle pastures…

“In neighboring South Africa, farmers’ lobby group Grain SA warned late last month that the window for planting corn and soybeans in South Africa had passed. With hardly anything planted in western growing areas because of drought, the likelihood of the need for imports had increased, it said.”

“…dam levels in the region [Cape, South Africa] have continued to drop. Part of the reason for this drop has been the heatwaves experienced across the country during the holiday season.

“According to the Department of Water and Sanitation (DWS), dam levels in November 2018 decreased by an alarming 4.8%, a direct result of the heatwave affecting most parts of the country, causing increased water evaporation and water consumption.”

“Firefighters rescue passengers from a bus partially submerged by floodwater, as heavy rains spread across Sao Paulo [Brazil].”


“An impressive thunderstorm hit the provinces of Chaco and Corrientes [Argentina]. In addition to provoking floods in the main cities of the coast, it caused numerous falls of trees that caused destruction.

“The images came to TN and the People. From the municipality of Resistencia informed TN that in the capital of Chaco accumulated 140 millimeters of water… in a short period of time.”

“A storm surge has inundated parts of northern Germany, including Hamburg’s world-renowned fish market.

“Europe has been battered by devastating winters storms this year, with meteorologists expecting more soon.”

“Deadly winter weather blasted Europe for yet another day Tuesday…

“…trapping hundreds of people in Alpine regions, whipping up high winds that caused flight delays and cancellations

“…raising the risks of more deadly avalanches in the mountains. At least 13 people have been killed…”

” A winter storm packing heavy rain and snow on Tuesday turned streets in Lebanon into rivers of water and mud and paralyzed parts of the country. Among those affected were tens of thousands of Syrian refugees, many of whom live in tent settlements.”

“As the storm system that hit Israel at the beginning of the week enters its final stage, the cold temperatures plummeted Wednesday to this winter’s record low. Nearly a meter of snow has accumulated on Mt. Hermon and the water levels in the Sea of Galilee [which is handy as its level was at a record low] have risen by at least 19.5 cm over the past 48 hours, according to meteorological services.”,7340,L-5443714,00.html

“Wildfires that scorched vast tracts of southern British Columbia and led to forced evacuations in the summer of 2017 were stoked by climate change and are likely to become more common as global temperatures edge up, federal scientists warn in a new study.

“Fires consumed a record 1.2 million hectares that year – an area seven to 11 times larger than would have been expected without human influences on the climate…”

“Grab a parasol and put on your short shorts, the heat wave is upon us!

“Okay, maybe not quite. But the heat in Iceland could reach temperatures over 20 degrees Celsius today and tomorrow according to the Icelandic Meteorological Office.”

“Most people are familiar with the sudden appearance of bubbles in a bottle of soda after the lid is opened. The explanation for why that happens is that, with the lid on, the pressure inside the bottle keeps the carbon dioxide gas dissolved in the liquid soda. Open the lid, and the pressure falls. The fizziness is the carbon dioxide as it escapes from the now effervescent soda.

“Two papers published at the end of 2018 and a third, published this week, appear to draw a picture of the same phenomenon taking place on a much larger scale when it comes to methane trapped under ice sheets and large glaciers.”

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Climate 8 Jan 2019 One Atomic Bomb Explosion Per Second

“Global warming has heated the oceans by the equivalent of one atomic bomb explosion per second for the past 150 years, according to analysis of new research.

“More than 90% of the heat trapped by humanity’s greenhouse gas emissions has been absorbed by the seas, with just a few per cent heating the air, land and ice caps respectively. The vast amount of energy being added to the oceans drives sea-level rise and enables hurricanes and typhoons to become more intense.

“Much of the heat has been stored in the ocean depths but measurements here only began in recent decades and existing estimates of the total heat the oceans have absorbed stretch back only to about 1950. The new work extends that back to 1871. Scientists have said that understanding past changes in ocean heat was critical for predicting the future impact of climate change.”

“Last year was the fourth warmest on record, extending a scorching streak driven by a build-up of man-made greenhouse gases, the EU’s Copernicus Climate Change Service said yesterday…

“The last four years have seen the highest average temperatures since records began in the 19th century – 2016 was the hottest, boosted by an El Nino event that warmed the surface of the Pacific Ocean, and then 2017 and 2015.”

“Several people have been killed by extreme weather conditions in Europe, including a 44-year-old man in the German town of Wackersberg in Bavaria and a young woman on the Teisenberg in the Berchtesgaden region…

“While conditions have improved in some parts, meteorologists predict it’s just the calm before the next storm.”

“The ancient monuments in Athens got a rare dusting of snow on Tuesday as temperatures across Greece hit record lows, bringing transport to a standstill in some areas…

“In northern Greece… an all-time low of -23 degrees Celsius (-9 Fahrenheit) was recorded in the city of Florina…”

“2018 was the hottest year in Hungary since records began in 1901, the National Meteorological Service (OMSZ) announced on Monday.

“”Last year’s national average temperature was 11.99 degrees Celsius,” OMSZ reported. “This exceeds the normal value registered between 1981 and 2010 by 1.66 degrees Celsius.””

“The year of 2018 was the hottest on record in Italy since 1800, the National Research Council (CNR) said in a statement Monday… “Viewed within the context of the last 220 years of Italy’s climate history, this is the umpteenth confirmation of the fact that we are witnessing significant climate change in our country,” the CNR statement said.

“”Of the 30 hottest years since 1800 to date, 25 (of those hottest years) occurred after 1990.””

“Record rainfall helped tick up levels of two widespread pollutants in the Chesapeake Bay watershed in 2018…

“…worried scientists say bigger storms could be the new norm, according to a recent report.”

“A federal prison here in Florida’s rural Panhandle lost much of its roof and fence during Hurricane Michael in October, forcing hundreds of inmates to relocate to a facility in Yazoo City, Miss., more than 400 miles away.

“Since then, corrections officers have had to commute there to work, a seven-hour drive, for two-week stints. As of this week, thanks to the partial federal government shutdown, they will be doing it without pay — no paychecks and no reimbursement for gas, meals and laundry, expenses that can run hundreds of dollars per trip.”

“The northwest of the province of Santa Fe [Argentina] is suffering one of the worst floods in its history.

“The departments of Vera and 9 de Julio are the most affected by the constant rains that left under the water some 200 thousand hectares of field.”

“If you thought 2018 was rather warm, then you were right – it was New Zealand’s second warmest year on record. It is part of an overall warming trend, which a leading climate scientist says is a “wake-up call” for politicians to take action…

“January was New Zealand’s warmest month – ever, at 3.1C above average.”

“Residents in northern Queensland are being urged to prepare for wild weather and flooding, with ex-Tropical Cyclone Penny expected to dump hundreds of millimetres of rain across coastal communities north of Rockhampton over the next few days…

“Mr Banks said flooding was mostly likely to occur in parts of northern Queensland that had already experienced record-breaking rain last month, brought on by ex-Tropical Cyclone Owen.”

“Insurance claims for Sydney’s catastrophic December hail storm has reached $670 million and are still expected to rise. Over 80,000 claims had been lodged as of 4pm on Monday, the Insurance Council of Australia said.

“About 60,000 of the claims were related to severely damaged motor vehicles, some with completely smashed windshields.”

“Two more deaths of children have been reported in Central Province bringing the death toll to six from the current wild weather experienced in Papua New Guinea.

“The two children were reported to have drowned while playing in flood waters with friends.”

“A glacier is essentially suspended energy, suspended force. It is, in a sense, life frozen in time. But now they are themselves running out of time. The planet’s ecosystems, pushed far beyond their capacity to adapt to human-generated traumas and stresses, are in a state of freefall.

“Just as I watched hundreds of years of time compressed into glacial ice flash before my eyes in a matter of seconds as I fell into the crevasse, swathes of the natural world are, in the blink of a geological eye, falling into oblivion.”

“Temperatures are rising faster in the Arctic than any other place on Earth. If these changes continue, it is likely that the unique and diverse Arctic tundra will change into a more uniform vegetation dominated by shrubs…

“This whole ecosystem is in danger of change when the temperature rises. But climate changes does not only affect the temperature. The amounts of snow and rain also change and the permafrost becomes less stable.”

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