Climate 8 Oct 2018 more record heat for Japan

Japan’s extraordinary meteorological year continues:

“Japan was bathed in unfamiliar heat for October on Saturday, marking a record 36.0 C in Niigata Prefecture due to a typhoon that brought warm air while moving across the Sea of Japan, the weather agency said.

“Some cities in Niigata, north of Tokyo, surpassed or matched the previous monthly record of 35.1 C, marked in 2013 also in the prefecture.”

“Two people died and one person is missing in South Korea as powerful typhoon Kong-rey hit the country yesterday, the government said.

“China’s observatory renewed a blue alert for Kong-rey, this year’s 25th typhoon, yesterday morning. The eye of Kong-rey is expected to unleash gales in north-east China.”

“Australia has just had its driest September on record, and the second driest month ever: the only drier month was April 1902… We’ve never gone through a tropical cyclone season without at least one hitting our coast, but Australia’s past may no longer be a reliable guide to our future… While we’ve always been a land of extremes, rapid warming since 1950 is starting to alter our weather patterns.”

“Torrential rain in Central America that caused floods and landslides have killed 12 people in just a few days, rescue and emergency authorities across the region said on Sunday… The rain destroyed houses and crops and forced thousands to leave their homes for temporary shelters.”

“Hurricane Sergio will double back toward the west coast of Mexico and southwestern United States with another round of flooding rainfall late this week. Sergio is currently a Category 1 hurricane located over 1,000 miles (1,609 km) away from the southern tip of Mexico’s Baja Peninsula. Sergio’s current track toward the northwest away from land should not trick people into thinking it will remain out to sea.”

“Heavy rains hit the Valley Sunday, adding to one of its wettest Octobers in recorded history, officials said. Sunday’s rain broke Phoenix’s daily rainfall record for Oct. 7, said James Sawtelle, a National Weather Service meteorologist in Phoenix… On Tuesday, Hurricane Rosa’s remnants dumped 2.36 inches of rain on Phoenix by evening, making this month the third wettest October in recorded state history, officials said.”

“September was the hottest September on record in 10 places around the Tampa Bay area, according to the National Weather Service, including in Plant City, Tarpon Springs, Lakeland and Brooksville, where the average temperature was anywhere from two to five degrees above normal. And it was the hottest of any month ever on record in Tampa…”

“Florida Gov. Rick Scott has declared a state of emergency for 26 counties as Tropical Storm Michael gathers strength in the Caribbean and barrels toward the Florida Panhandle. The storm is on track to become a hurricane on Monday, bringing heavy rain to the western tip of Cuba, before making landfall on the northeastern Gulf Coast on Wednesday.”

“A misty, overcast Sunday will give way to hot, sunny weather this coming week that could break long-established daily records in Rochester, NY. Temperatures are forecast to rise to 74 degrees during the day Monday, 84 degrees Tuesday and 83 on Wednesday… This October, it’s the overnight lows that will be unusually high.”

“Massachusetts health officials reported an additional nine human West Nile virus (WNV) cases Friday, bringing the total to 38 for the year. This breaks the previous record of 33 human cases reported in 2012. “The forecast includes some warm fall temperatures,” said Public Health Commissioner Monica Bharel, MD, MPH. “Mosquitoes might still be active and it remains important for people to use mosquito repellent and wear long sleeves to reduce exposed skin.””

“Britain could be about to experience the warmest October in seven years, with highs of around 25°C (77F) expected this week. According to the Met Office, low pressure towards the west will ‘drag in’ warmer air from the south and heat up the country as a result.”

“Record summer temperatures in Switzerland have heightened the danger of mountain rockslides, warns the Federal Office for the Environment. Several regions have already experienced higher than normal rockfall events in recent weeks… The record-breaking heat of the summer in Switzerland has been identified as the culprit, melting the permafrost that usually binds the rocks together.”

“Winter this year will generally be the warmest over the past 30 years, although it is expected sometimes days with 20-degree frost. This “Ukrainian truth,” said the head of the Department of applied meteorology and climatology of the Ukrainian research hydrometeorological Institute Vera Balabukha. According to her, this year’s winter can be much warmer than the climatic norm, it is expected that the average winter temperature will be 2 – 3 degrees.”

“With over 70 per cent of Bayelsa State’s landmass submerged under devastating floodwater, residents, especially farmers are counting their losses, which is running into billions of naira. The flooding caused by overflow of water banks and tributaries of the Orashi and Niger rivers, has left many farmers in dire straits as almost all farmlands along these routes have been washed off.”

“September this year has been the second hottest for Bahrain since 1902, with the mean temperature hitting 34.5C…”

“Forecasters say a tropical depression 1,040 km off the coast of southern Oman has developed into a tropical cyclone… the India Meteorological Department warned it could develop into a severe cyclonic storm with winds gusting to 135 kph… In May Cyclone Mekunu ripped through southern parts of Yemen and Oman, leaving a path of destruction, with 30 people dead and dozens more missing.”

“At least 8 persons have died, 11 persons are missing and 21,105 people have been affected due to the adverse weather conditions prevailing in Sri Lanka, according to the latest update from the Disaster Management Center.

“Nearly 1900 people of 466 families have been displaced as torrential rains lashed the country for the past two days…”

“Heavy rains in the northern and northwestern parts of Iran over the past two days claimed the lives of at least seven people, semi-official ISNA news agency reported on Saturday.”


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Climate 5 Oct 2018 Italy gets 18 inches of rain

450mm (nearly 18 inches) of torrential rain overnight in parts of southern Italy [Google-translated from the Italian]:

“A vast and violent V-shaped, stationary and self-healing storm has been affecting the South for over 8 hours, particularly Calabria, where nearly 450 mm of rain has fallen.

“The alert 3 was launched during the night for the municipalities of Lamezia Terme, Soveria Mannelli, Serrastretta, Platania, Pianopoli, Gizzeria, Feroleto Antico, Falerna, Decollatura, Conflenti. Here roads, underpasses and flooded houses are recorded and rain is still expected in the morning.

“Ugly night also in Maida, where the mayor and the city administration, at work all night, have declared on social media: “Large damage across the municipal territory, with the fear that the greatest damage will only be seen with the first light. The collapse of the bridge in the Giardini area (German crusher height) alone gives the idea of ​​the extent of what happened.”

“Extreme weather in the south of Italy caused major flooding in Sicily, Calabria and Puglia overnight. In Catania, Sicily, roads turned into rivers lifting the asphalt and flooding houses and shops.

“The unceasing rainfall also caused the death of a mother and her son in Lamezia Terme, Calabria.”

“This summer’s drought has led to a significant drop of total E.U. cereal production, estimated at 8% below the last five-year average. This is just one of the findings of the latest short-term outlook report, published on Oct. 3 by the European Commission… The dry and hot climatic conditions also influenced the milk and dairy sector due to the significant reduction in grassland growth and fodder production.”

“Nigeria will likely experience shortage in rice production if appropriate measures were not taken to replant after the recent floods, Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Audu Ogbeh warned Thursday… Heavy downpours have been hitting Nigeria since late July, triggering massive floods in some states.”

“The Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NiMet) on Thursday, October 4, predicted cloudy weather conditions with prospects of thunderstorms and rainfall activities over most parts of the country on Friday, October 5.”

“Meteorologists in Oman are on alert as forecast models predict the development of a tropical cyclone in the Arabian Sea that is expected to make landfall [in Oman] later this week. The system is expected to emerge from an area of active thunderstorms across southern India where Kerala and Tamil Nadu states are already seeing torrential rain… There are concerns that these downpours could cause further flooding in Kerala, which was hit by the worst flooding in nearly a century in August, killing more than 480 people.”

“The Famine Early Warning Systems Network, which tracks food security around the world, is warning of more difficulties ahead: it predicts that the combination of a stumbling economy, instability, and failing crops will increase the need for food aid [for Afghanistan] into next year. In remote Qapchiq, a village in Badghis’ Abkamari district, community leader Saskidad says his family has already lost their entire harvest.

“This year’s drought, he says, is “the worst I’ve ever seen”.”

“Typhoon Kong-rey is battering Japan’s south. At least 10 people have been injured. It’s the second storm to hit the region in less than a week… Heavy downpours are also affecting parts of the southwestern islands of Kyushu and Shikoku. Weather officials are warning people to watch out for rain storms, strong winds, high waves, mudslides, and floods.”

“It is the coast’s turn for a drenching after drought-hit areas of regional NSW welcomed record-breaking rainfalls in the past 24 hours. Sydney is set for further falls through the night, before clearing Saturday morning.

“Heavier rain will be concentrated in the north-east areas of the state… Three spots… recorded more rain in 24 hours than they’d had all year so far.”

“Saipan [Marianas Islands] saw a lot of soil erosion incidents yesterday following flash flooding that was caused by a sudden midday downpour. The flooding was so severe that it prompted the CNMI Homeland Security and Emergency Management Agency to issue a flood advisory at 1:30pm… Due to the duration of the cloud’s stay and the massive amount of continuous rain it brought with it, Saipan experienced flash flooding in several spots…”

Lethal flash-flooding in Honduras:

“Several hectares of crops are underwater [after] intense rains that have hit the south of Veracruz [Mexico]… Jaltipan is one of at least four municipalities where damage has been reported for a week. There, the overflow of the Coatzacoalcos and Jaltepec rivers was registered. Some people have replaced the use of their motor vehicles by canoes.”

“Historic rainfall made its way through Lexington [Texas] Thursday night. 3.3 inches of rain fell in the area in just an hour and a half. It made Thursday the second wettest October day on record in Lexington.”

“Colorado water managers are saying good riddance to water year 2018. It enters the history books alongside 2002 and 1977 as one of the driest on record for the Upper Colorado River Basin. According to preliminary numbers from the Bureau of Reclamation, water year 2018, which ended Sept. 30, had the third-lowest unregulated inflow into Lake Powell at 4.62 million acre-feet. That’s just 43 percent of average.”

“October, usually associated with scarves and spiced lattes, has instead been more appropriate for short sleeves and iced tea. Jeffrey Taylor, a meteorologist with the Greer-based office of the National Weather Service, said the high temperatures [in Asheville, N. Carolina] have been “remarkable.” …Last month’s average temperatures were hot, too: September was the warmest on record for the Asheville area.”

“High temperatures in the D.C. area, according to historical averages, should now be in the low 70s and falling… However, today’s anticipated high in the mid- to upper 80… With 131 days at or above 80 degrees so far in 2018, the city is already running 14 days above the average of 117 for such daily temperatures.

“And we’re now just a handful of days away from setting a new record…”

As it says (hottest September on record for South Jersey):

“Dozens of roads were closed in Pittsburgh and Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, on Thursday, October 4, as heavy rain triggered flash flooding.The Pittsburgh Tribune-Review reported that several cars were stranded in the flood water and first responders were called out to rescue several drivers.

“This video shows floodwater on Banksville Road:”

“London, Jakarta, Shanghai and Houston and other global cities that are already sinking will become increasingly vulnerable to storms and flooding as a result of global warming, campaigners have warned ahead of a landmark new report on climate science… Kat Kramer of Christian Aid, who wrote the report, said: “These global metropolises may look strong and stable, but it is a mirage. As sea levels rise, they are increasingly under threat and under water.””

Read the previous ‘climate’ thread here and visit my Patreon page here.

Climate 4 Oct 2018 record snow and warmth for Canada

“The highly amplified weather pattern continues across Canada with a large ridge over Alaska that is sending Arctic air directly into the western prairies with rounds of early-season snow, while a massive ridge along the East Coast will take hold this weekend and early next week bringing record warmth to parts of Ontario and Quebec.

–Record October snowfall in Calgary, Alberta, yesterday with anywhere from 25-45 cm in and around Calgary. A total of 36 cm at Calgary International Airport through Tuesday evening! The previous October daily record for snowfall in Calgary was 29.7 cm on Oct. 4, 1914.”

“Streets and sidewalks were a slushy, slippery mess…

“…but the sun was shining brightly in Calgary on Wednesday after a record-breaking autumn snowstorm walloped parts of southern Alberta.”

“Remnants from a tropical storm that dropped a record amount of rain in the Phoenix area now are headed to Colorado and Utah… National Weather Service meteorologists say a record 2.35 inches (5.97 centimeters) of rain fell at Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport as of Tuesday night.

“That made it the rainiest October day since records have been kept.”

“…summer [in Washington DC] — which refused to go away in September — obstinately persists. Don’t stow away the shorts and sandals just yet.

“Temperatures are strangely trending up during the month’s opening stanza. Over the next 10 days, they’ll frequently surpass 80 degrees and could even flirt with 90 on one or two days.”

“Severe thunderstorms ripped through most of Pennsylvania Tuesday evening, causing hail, flash flooding, damaging winds and electrical outages.

“So far, the National Weather Service has confirmed at least five tornadoes, while storm surveys will continue Thursday.”

“The entire Chesapeake Bay has seen an increase in fresh water and record water flows from a series of late-summer storms, which have brought record rainfall.

“Extra fresh water lowers the salinity of Bay waterways, which can stunt the growth of oysters.”

“Only over time does the chronic exposure to low-level pollution take its toll.

“By the time this becomes obvious, often it is too late to do anything to save a particular population, whose decline might have knock-on effects on the surrounding environment, often with socio-economic consequences.”

“The Beast from the East and the summer of heat have been a double weather whammy sending food prices soaring.

“Throw in Brexit fears and Christmas could be a lean affair.”

“Droughts, floods and storms are hitting Africa with increasing frequency. With so many people dependent on subsistence agriculture, the results can be devastating, and the future looks uncertain.”

You may recall that cyclone Mekunu dropped three years’ rain in a single day on parts of Oman and Yemen in May.

“In a statement released Thursday morning, the India Meteorology Department said, “A low pressure area is very likely to form over Southeast Arabian Sea on October 5. It is likely to concentrate into a depression and move northwestwards during subsequent 48 hours. It is likely to intensify into a cyclonic storm thereafter.””

“An appalling and atrocious drought worsens more and more the most food and water scarce region of Sindh – Achro Thar [Pakistan]. The severe dearth in Thar is now usurping the cattle and livestock of the locals, who already, have been suffering from the horrible outcomes of the harsh and ruthless weather conditions of region, water scarcity and food shortage as the nomads living mainly depends upon the livestock.”

“…the researchers felt the real shock in their tents after dark. “We hear this loud boom,” Podolskiy said. “We noticed that our glacier is bursting, or exploding with cracks at night.” …The authors of the new study describing the phenomenon note this is the first time such a large amount of seismic activity due to the thermal fracturing has been observed at relatively warm temperatures and outside polar regions.”

“A canal running through three districts in Krabi [Thailand] burst its banks and inundate several villages early on Thursday after hours of heavy rain overnight.

“Officials said the Klong Sin Poon canal that runs through Klong Thom district, Nua Klong district and Khao Phanom district overflowed at about 4am, causing widespread flooding in three districts.”

“Mangkhut swept through Hong Kong on September 16.

“The strongest storm on record to hit the city, it triggered a No 10 typhoon signal. The number of reports of fallen trees received by the Development Bureau recently topped 46,000, including the cases of 11 registered old and valuable trees.”

“Kong-rey will be the third former super typhoon to impact Japan this year, though — like the previous two, Jebi and Trami — the storm will have weakened below the super typhoon threshold (winds greater than 240 kph) when it reaches the island nation.”

Picture shows previous storms.

“Seven researchers have been evacuated from a remote atoll in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands as a powerful hurricane headed their way, officials said Wednesday.

“A research vessel picked up the seven from French Frigate Shoals, said Kate Toniolo, the acting superintendent of the Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument.”

“The National Meteorological Service reported that Sergio” the new weather phenomenon was located 1,410 kilometers south-southwest of Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur, and away from Mexican territory.

“Hurricane Sergio reached category 3 on Tuesday Oct. 2…”

Heavy rains accompanied by gales appeared from midday on Wednesday in Colombia’s Aburrá Valley, causing flash flooding.

Video in link:

“Every [Australian drought] is different but this time Schmidt has noticed one change from previous droughts has been the higher temperature. “The essential thing was there were two or three periods there where the temperature was above 40C for 15 days in a row and it just sapped all the moisture out of the soil,” Schmidt says. “That’s the difference between this drought and the others.””

Read yesterday’s ‘Climate’ thread here and perhaps grace my Patreon page with your noble patronage.

Climate 3 Oct 2018 freakishly nice weather for Alaska

“A massive, historic high pressure zone is bringing freakishly nice weather to Alaska…

“In Anchorage, for example, temperatures have remained above normal for 32 straight days, … On Saturday afternoon, Fairbanks’s pressure about three miles high reached its greatest intensity on record so late in the year.”

And here are some facts, figures and insights on that from Twitter:

“The new climate report from Roshydromet, Russia’s state agency on meteorology and environmental monitoring, leaves no doubt about the serious changes now unfolding in the Arctic parts of the country… it is the Kara Sea that over the last 30 years has experienced the most dramatic boost in air temperatures. Since 1998, the average temperatures in the area have increased with as much as 4,95 C degrees.”

But, as luck would have it…

sending lots of commercial shipping up there will solve the problem. Yayyy!

“The United States is on the verge of breaking its record for the number of children who’ve died in hot cars within one year, the National Safety Council warned on Tuesday.

“Forty-eight children have died in hot cars this year — one less than the all-time high of 49 deaths, set in 2010, the organization said.”

“Tahoe City sizzled through its hottest summer on record in 2018, breaking the record it set last year.

“The daily average temperature during this past meteorogical summer, start of June to the end of August, was 62.4 degrees, breaking the record set last year of 62.2.”

“It’s the second day of October and this month is already one of wettest on record. In an update at 10 p.m., The National Weather Service said the 2.36” that had fallen Tuesday made it the wettest October day since recordkeeping began.

“The measurements for the Phoenix area come from a gauge at Sky Harbor International Airport.”

“The National Hurricane Center noted that Tropical Storm Sergio was on the verge of becoming a hurricane in the Eastern Pacific Ocean and NASA’s Aqua satellite confirmed very powerful storms within.”

“Hurricane Walaka was pounding Johnston Atoll and is on track to slam Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument next. At 11 p.m. Tuesday, Walaka remained a Category 4 hurricane with maximum sustained winds of 130 mph and higher gusts, moving north at 13 mph.”

“The weather has fallen quiet across Japan but in the wake of Typhoon Trami, which left four people dead, the next storm is gathering pace in the northwest Pacific.

“Super Typhoon Kong-rey is currently located around 1,000 kilometres south-southeast of Okinawa.”

“Centuries-old rainfall records are in danger of falling without significant relief across parched areas of southeast Australia in the next few months.

“An analysis of rainfall figures by The Weekly Times shows parts of the NSW Riverina, Mallee and Gippsland are tracking well below their driest years on record with just three months of 2018 remaining.”

Well, that’s a whole lot of crazy:

“Some Sydney residents have reportedly received homophobic letters signed “Jesus, The Messiah” that say the state’s current drought is a “curse” brought on by marriage equality.

“One resident, who lives less than 100 metres from Oxford Street in Darlinghurst, found the ominous note in his mailbox.

““Do you know why I have dried up your state?” the letter reads.

““You chose the curse last year when your nation collectively decided to vote ‘yes’ to that which I abhor.”

“Torrential rains poured in Metro Manila, particularly Quezon City, on Tuesday afternoon, flooding several areas in the city…

“PAGASA told that 78.3 millimeters per hour of rain, classified as torrential, the highest rainfall intensity categorized by the state weather bureau, was measured in Quezon City.”

“Daily downpours will heighten the risk for flooding across parts of southern India and Sri Lanka into this weekend.

“Parts of Kerala are still reeling from the worst flooding in decades that killed nearly 500 people in August.”

“…just weeks before this latest disaster [in Sulawesi], a group of scientists predicted that tsunami impacts will indeed worsen due to sea-level rises related to climate change. “Our research shows that sea-level rise can significantly increase the tsunami hazard, which means that smaller tsunamis in the future can have the same adverse impacts as big tsunamis would today,” Robert Weiss, associate professor in the Department of Geosciences at Virginia Tech told DW.”

Drought in W Afghanistan: “Diarrheoa, Acute Repository Infections (ARI), pneumonia, skin infections (due to poor hygiene) are major illnesses affecting women and children in the IDP settlements.

“Most of IDPs have come from Badghis province and some from Ghor and Faryab provinces, where access to quality Health care service has been seriously constrained.”

“Dubrovnik is again a world record holder, but this time it has nothing to do with the tourism industry. Due to the unbelievable amount of rain that fell on the city early this morning Dubrovnik was officially the wettest city in the city over the past 24 hours with almost double the amount of rain of any other of the 6,000 world destination measured. An incredible 260 litres of rain per metre squared fell on the city in a five-hour period from 2.00 am to 7.00 am!”

“Insurers are at the vanguard of a movement to put a value today on the unpredictable future of a warming planet.”

Read yesterday’s ‘climate’ thread here.

Climate 2 Oct 2018 Two cat 5 storms in The Pacific – a first

“Hurricane Walaka and Super Typhoon Kong-rey are out there staring down satellites, and by extension, their human creators. The storms underwent a dramatic transformation Sunday night into Monday and are now the two strongest storms on the face of the Earth.

“Both underwent rapid intensification, a meteorological process where cyclones’—the generic name for hurricanes and typhoons—wind speeds crank up at least 35 mph over a 24-hour stretch. Walaka, situated in the Central Pacific, was officially a Category 4 storm with winds of 150 mph as of 11 a.m. Hawaii Standard Time, though meteorologist Ryan Maue estimated that based on satellite observations, it was likely much stronger by mid-morning local time.

“Meanwhile Kong-rey, churning in the Western Pacific about 200 miles southeast of Taipei, was packing sustained winds upwards of 155 mph, the equivalent of a strong Category 4 hurricane. It could menace Japan late this week, continuing a string of rotten weather luck that’s plagued the country all year…

“Assuming the storms continue to strengthen and officially obtain Category 5 status, they would become the first pair of Category 5 storms ever recorded at the same time in the Pacific, according to Masters.”

“Typhoon Queenie has further intensified, but will not make land in any part of the Philippines, state weather bureau PAGASA said early Tuesday. PAGASA weather specialist Ariel Rojas said the trough of the typhoon, however, may dump rain over the eastern section of the country… The 17th tropical cyclone to enter the country this year, Queenie currently packs maximum sustained winds of 190 kilometers per hour (kph) and gusts of up to 235 kph.”

“Melbourne shattered a heat record in September, experiencing its warmest ever, National Weather Service meteorologists said. Residents there also experienced the second driest September ever. The average temperature for the month was 83.6 degrees. The previous record was 82.4 degrees set in 2017 and in 2007…”

“Australia’s food bowl, was on track to have its driest calendar year since 1902. “The signal in the outlook (from October to December) that’s really strong is warmth,” Trewin said. Daytime temperatures in September were 1.41 degrees Celsius above the average between 1961 and 1990… Bushfire season has begun early across much of Australia as a result of a warm, dry winter.”

“Deserts aren’t supposed to get much rain, but Tropical Depression Rosa is flipping the script. Rosa is spreading its heavy rainfall over land Tuesday across Mexico’s Baja peninsula and into the United States, with more than 11 million people under a flash flood watch in the Southwest… It’ll drench Baja California with 3 to 6 inches of rain, with some spots getting up to 10 inches, the National Hurricane Center said.”

“Seattle has only amassed 2.04 inches of rain since May 1, making it the driest May-September on record, beating 2003’s record of 2.94 inches. The average is 6.59 inches. But even more impressive: It’s the driest 5-month stretch of weather at any time of the year. The previous driest stretch was 2.06 inches set in June-October 1987…”

“Perhaps most unusual about the September rains in Galveston is that it hasn’t been accompanied by a major tropical storm or hurricane. In 2017, Hurricane Harvey flooded the island for several days with intense, focused ferocity, but this year the rains were persistent and steady over an extended period.”

“Many Iowans turning their calendars to October today are hoping this month will be much drier than September. State Climatologist Justin Glisan says several cities recorded their wettest-ever September. “In fact, the Waterloo Airport record their wettest month on record of any month.”

“If anybody can withstand the heat, it’s Floridians. But for how long? Last month was Tampa Bay’s hottest September on record, producing record-high temperatures on seven different days. The trend of record and near-record highs doesn’t appear to be slowing down, either, according to the National Weather Service.”

“September was hotter than ever in Charleston, federal meteorologists said Monday, continuing the trend of “warmest” records being broken in South Carolina and worldwide… It was nearly 2 degrees warmer than 2016, the next warmest September, according to figures compiled by the Weather Service office.”

“North Carolina has suddenly become a hot spot for some of the largest mosquitoes in the country — known as “mega mosquitoes” — due to the rancid puddles left behind by Hurricane Florence. USA Today called it an “outbreak” and described them as “blood-thirsty,” “aggressive” and “monstrous pests.””

Meanwhile, displaced polar air penetrates parts of Canada: “September 2018 was way colder than normal in Saskatoon with temperatures trending a whopping four degrees cooler than normal overall. Most of that was on the daytime high side of the scale with the mercury averaging out an impressive 5.4 degrees cooler than seasonal with overnight lows 2.5 degrees below normal.”

“Tropical Storm Leslie, which currently hovering over the mid-Atlantic, has the potential to pose a threat to the UK, forecasters have warned. Expected to develop into a hurricane as it reaches warmer waters, the storm front is currently moving in a southwesterly direction towards Bermuda and the eastern United States. America’s National Hurricane Center has however suggested it could be about to perform an abrupt U-turn and head for the British Isles.”

“A stubborn pocket of snow known as “Scotland’s glacier” has melted away for the second consecutive year despite only thawing a handful of times since records began in the 1800s.

“The snow-patch at Garbh Choire Mor on Braeriach in the Cairngorms — which is renowned for its lack of sunlight — has never defrosted two years in a row before.”

“Denmark’s agricultural sector is set to record huge losses after grain harvests produced the lowest output since 1983. With only minimal amounts still to be registered, the total harvest of grain for 2018 will reach around 6.5 million tonnes, according to industry representative organisation Dakofo. “The figure represents a ten million tonne or 35 percent reduction in comparison with 2017.”

“Summer ended with a bang in Dubrovnik as an explosive thunderstorm struck the region last night. Torrential rains started falling at around 4.00 am and lightening hammered down all around the city.

The rains fell so heavily that they caused instant flooding.”

“In just fifteen minutes yesterday afternoon (Monday) a powerful storm ripped through a popular tourist resort in Andalucia in southern Spain sending flood water cascading through the streets. A powerful combination of rain and hail buffeted the coastal town of Nerja in the Axarquia, at around 5.30pm.”

“Torrential rainfall with 24 hours cumulatives of over 200mm was recorded during the Medicane… flash flooding… powerful tornado…”

“On Friday, September 28, the provinces of Rhamna and Al Haouz in the Marrakech-Safi region experienced heavy rainfall and thunderstorms, killing one man from Al Haouz, two women from Sidi Ifni, and a man and a child from Rhamna… Following the floods, which raged Friday to Sunday, the Directorate of Meteorology warned citizens not to approach riverbanks in the coming days, as more heavy rainfall is forecast in the regions.”

“Economic losses caused by drought in China may double if the global temperature rises by 1.5°C to 2.0°C above pre-industrial levels, with increasing drought intensity and areal coverage across China, a new economic assessment study by Chinese scientists found… Recent years have seen significant increase in drought losses around the world. About 20 percent of China’s direct economic losses by weather and climate disasters are caused by drought.”

Read yesterday’s ‘Climate’ thread here.

Climate 1 Oct 2018 unprecedented hot spell in Pyrenees

“The Pic du Midi [Pyrenees] has finally recorded temperatures below zero for the first time in 108 days, pulverizing the record for the summit.

“It had been 108 days since the thermometer previously descended below the zero-degree mark at the Pic du Midi , the summit of the Hautes-Pyrénées which rises to 28.70 meters above sea level. A record since 1882 and the first temperature readings.

“In the night from Sunday to Monday, Meteo France forecasters finally have the first negative temperatures since June 14…”

“The previous record dates from 1999 with 77 days in a row without frost. Over the period from June 15 to September 30, there are 28 days with frost on average between 1882 and 2017. This figure drops to 21 days between 1988 and 2017.

“This rise in temperatures does not only affect the Pic du Midi. In Toulouse, the month of September 2018 is the hottest of all the months of September since 1947 and the first measurements. The previous record dates from 1987…”

“Reports this morning have confirmed that last month was the hottest in Portugal since records began…

“The hot weather is expected to last during the first week of October, with highs forecast to remain above 30 degrees Celsius for large parts of the country.”

“The eastern Mediterranean is getting battered Saturday as a rare and powerful hurricane-like storm roars across Greece, triggering flooding as it makes its way toward Turkey. The storm, called Zorba, on Saturday morning lashed the Greek coastal city of Kalamata and other spots along the Peloponnese coast, knocking out power in the town of Pylos. Heavy rainfall and strong winds are expected to cause flash flooding and major disruptions to air, land and sea transport in Turkey…”

“Following record-breaking temperatures in the Netherlands, a tree planted years ago by a Jewish woman near the capital produced what may be the country’s first naturally-grown etrog fruit in decades.”

“The Bayelsa State Government [Nigeria] has directed immediate closure of all schools in the state as a precautionary measure to avoid loss of lives in the current flooding in the state.”

“Amid a worsening water crisis at home, Iraq’s foreign minister used his time at the UN podium on Saturday to call on upstream neighbours to reduce their use of waterways that flow into the country… Iraq is in the midst of an unprecedented drought, which has eclipsed previously notable low-rainfall years in 2009 and 2015.”

“The total rain recorded this year in Mumbai in September has been the lowest in 27 years. The India Meteorological Department’s (IMD) Santacruz observatory recorded a meagre 73mm of rain this month even though the average rainfall for September is 341mm. The city, thus, has got only 20% of the required rainfall.”

“The Southwest Monsoon, which brings rain from June to September, recorded a countrywide deficit of more than 9% this year, with the north-eastern states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura receiving scanty rainfall, according to data from the India Meteorological Department (IMD).”

“A powerful typhoon sliced through Japan on Sunday (Sep 30), killing two and injuring dozens, and bringing fierce winds and torrential rain to areas already battered by a string of recent extreme weather episodes. Typhoon Trami sparked travel disruption in the world’s third-biggest economy, with bullet train services suspended, more than 1,000 flights cancelled and Tokyo’s evening train services scrapped.”

“Tropical cyclone Kong-Rey has intensified into a typhoon ahead of its expected entry to the Philippine area of responsibility on Monday afternoon, the state weather bureau said. Spotted 1,565 kilometers east of Southern Luzon at 3 a.m., Kong-rey was packing maximum sustained winds of 130 kilometers per hour and 160 kph gusts, said PAGASA weather forecaster Ariel Rojas. If it continues moving west northwest at 15 kph, the typhoon will enter the country between 1 and 3 p.m.”

“Australia has notched its driest September on record, with less than a third of the usual rainfall for the month, extending the dry spell that has farmers and firefighters increasingly desperate for rain.”

“It was only a few hours of torrential rain that turned Torreon [Mexico] into a lake.”

“Hurricane Rosa struck fear into the heart of Arizonans who know the damage major flooding can deliver in the desert, but the Valley breathed a small sigh of relief after weather reports Sunday downgraded Rosa to a tropical storm. People across the state stayed on weather watch, as the storm’s remnants are still expected to pummel much of the state with heavy rains.”

Tampa Bay can expect October to start the same way it endured September: Record heat. Forecasters with the National Weather Service say only one day in September had a below-average temperature, while seven days had record highs and the month as a whole was the hottest on record. Forecasters say the heat will remain to start October, with highs above 90 every day this week.”

“Tropical Storm Leslie is strengthening as it meanders over the Central Atlantic and is expected to become a hurricane Tuesday.”

“The Gulf Stream is slowing, according to two articles published in April by different research teams in the journal Nature. As it slows, it tracks slightly farther north – hugging tighter to our coast and filling the Gulf of Maine with more of its warm Caribbean water. “Hurricanes need that latent heat released into the centre of the storm to remain strong,” said Day. “The warmer the water, the more evaporation of air and that evaporation feeds the bottom of the storm.””

“A high-pressured western ridge has positioned itself near Alaska, allowing record-breaking warmth from the North Pacific to spread over the Arctic… Climate scientist Zack Labe told Euronews this phenomenon could cause temperatures to rise over 10°C above average in some areas of Alaska, making the climate feel equivalent to late-summer. Labe believes this pattern will likely slow the progression of sea ice refreezing in the western Arctic.”

Read the previous ‘Climate’ thread here.