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The strongest tropical cyclone ever measured in the northern Indian Ocean has made landfall in eastern Africa, where it is poised to drop two years’ worth of rain in the next two days.

Tropical Cyclone Gati made landfall in Somalia on Sunday with sustained winds of around 105 mph. It’s the first recorded instance of a hurricane-strength system hitting the country.

“At one point before landfall, Gati’s winds were measured at 115 mph.”

https://www.npr.org/2020/11/22/937790467/somalias-strongest-tropical-cyclone-ever-recorded-could-drop-2-years-rain-in-2-d


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“…thousands of villagers in the Eastern Cape… [South Africa] were left devastated by a monster tornado on Tuesday evening in Mthatha. It ripped off roofs, destroyed homes and small farms, and left thousands displaced. Three people died and many have been hospitalised.

“According to the non-governmental disaster relief group, this was the biggest tornado in recorded history.”

https://www.sapeople.com/2020/11/23/mthatha-victims-of-biggest-tornado-in-south-africa-get-relief-from-new-disaster-blanket/


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Cyclone Nivar is heading towards the north Tamil Nadu coast and south Andhra Pradesh [India]. It is expected to make landfall between Mamallapuram and Karaikal, including Mayiladuthurai district on Wednesday…

“”Cyclone Nivar may cause heavy to extremely heavy rains at isolated places in Rayalaseema and south coastal AP districts on Wednesday…”

https://www.indiatvnews.com/news/india/cyclone-nivar-to-hit-south-andhra-pradesh-coast-november-25-666738


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Every part of the climbing route up Mount Everest is littered with microplastics, researchers found.

“They even found plastic fibers just below the summit — at 27,690 feet above sea level — according to a new study.”

https://www.businessinsider.com/mount-everest-summit-microplastics-study-national-geographic-2020-11?r=US&IR=T


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The habitat of the platypus has shrunk by almost a quarter in just three decades, researchers have warned. An egg-laying mammal known for its duck-like bill, the platypus is found in river systems in eastern Australia.

“But human intervention in those waterways, bad droughts and introduced predators – among other things – have ravaged its habitats…”

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-australia-55039255


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A wave of “oppressive heat” is heading towards southern and eastern parts of Australia with the mercury set to be 15C above average in some areas and the likelihood that all-time spring and November records could be smashed.

“Some inland towns could see six consecutive days of temperatures above 40C [104F].”

https://www.news.com.au/technology/environment/oppressive-heatwave-set-to-hit-victoria-nsw-south-australia/news-story/9d947c1aa8e279e8f3a4d34be32fec23


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“…the fire that destroyed around half of Lake Ohau village last month is one of the most expensive in New Zealand’s history.

Rural Fire Scientist Grant Pearce from Scion has been studying wildfire behaviour for almost 30 years and says he has never seen a fire quite like this. “It would be the most severe wildfire in terms of its impacts that I’ve been involved in over that time… probably on a scale of that we haven’t seen in New Zealand for almost a century.””

https://www.tvnz.co.nz/one-news/new-zealand/lake-hau-fire-one-most-expensive-in-new-zealands-history


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A million hectares ablaze as forest fires sweep through Bolivia: Forest fires have led the departments of Santa Cruz and Chuquisaca to declare a state of disaster.

“The Chiquitania and Chaco ecosystems have been the most affected by the fires, while Indigenous peoples are threatened by a prolonged drought.”

https://news.mongabay.com/2020/11/a-million-hectares-ablaze-as-forest-fires-sweep-through-bolivia/#:~:text=Forest%20fires%20have%20led%20the,threatened%20by%20a%20prolonged%20drought.


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The world map of wine has been affected [by global warming], with producers fleeing the hot and semi-desert zones and looking for cooler, wetter places to plant vineyards.

In the dry north of Chile, for example, in Limán and Elqui, the extreme climate has already caused some wineries to close.”

https://gq.globo.com/Lifestyle/Bebidas/noticia/2020/11/com-o-aquecimento-global-vinicolas-chilenas-fogem-rumo-ao-sul-do-pais.html


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According to Cabello, the heat wave in Misiones [Argentina] will be felt with a maximum of 40C [104F] in the city of Posadas.

“…the Fire Danger index will be extreme.”

https://misionesonline.net/2020/11/22/ola-de-calor-misiones-2/


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Shelters for people whose homes were flooded or damaged by hurricanes Eta and Iota in Honduras are now so crowded that thousands of victims have taken refuge under highway overpasses or bridges.

“The International Red Cross estimates that about 4.2 million people were affected by the back-to-back Category 4 hurricanes in November in Honduras, Nicaragua and Guatemala. Several hundred thousand are in shelters or informal camps across the region.”

https://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/hundreds-thousands-honduras-shelters-hurricanes-74339600


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Beach erosion from Tropical Storm Eta unearthed remnants of an 1800s shipwreck in Florida: After Tropical Storm Eta swept across northern Florida earlier this month, a beachgoer made a discovery while walking on the shore in St. Augustine.

“What Mark O’Donoghue spotted peeking through the sand dunes of Crescent Beach were timbers likely belonging to a shipwreck dating back to the 1800s, according to a news release from the St. Augustine Lighthouse Archaeological Maritime Program.”

https://edition.cnn.com/2020/11/22/us/shipwreck-discovered-hurricane-eta-florida-trnd/index.html


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Charleston weighs wall as seas rise and storms strengthen: God’s taking back his land,” says Vickie Hicks, who weaves intricate sweetgrass baskets in Charleston, South Carolina’s historic city market…

“Though Charleston has remained relatively unscathed this hurricane season, the city of 136,000 has seen higher tides and wetter, more frequent rainstorms in recent years with climate change.”

https://phys.org/news/2020-11-charleston-wall-seas-storms.html


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State Engineer John D’Antonio, who also serves as secretary of the New Mexico Interstate Stream Commission, says the worsening drought conditions could lead to an executive order from the governor’s office declaring a state of drought emergency

“He said, “100% of the state is in severe drought,” adding that close to 70% of the state is in an extreme drought category.”

https://eu.daily-times.com/story/news/2020/11/21/drought-conditions-continue-worsen-new-mexico/6373948002/


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Thousands have died prematurely in US due to wildfire pollution, say scientists:

“There are said to have been an estimated 1,200 to 3,000 excess deaths in California alone in one 40-day period in the late summer… An unprecedented number of major fires have burned millions of acres in California, Oregon and Washington this year.”

https://news.sky.com/story/thousands-have-died-prematurely-in-us-due-to-wildfire-pollution-say-scientists-12137856


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A Tornado Was Just Confirmed In Ontario & It’s Unusual For This Time Of Year:

“There have been quite a few tornadoes in Ontario this year and the latest one that was just confirmed happened unusually late… In Ontario, tornadoes usually happen between May and September…”

https://www.narcity.com/en-ca/news/tornadoes-in-ontario-one-was-confirmed-in-georgetown-its-unusual-for-this-time-of-year


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Tornadoes hit the Girne (Kyrenia) district of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus late Friday, inflicting significant damage on businesses, homes and the power grid

“Tornadoes are rare …in the Mediterranean basin, however, they have increased both in number and strength in recent years with experts pointing to adverse effects of climate change and global warming.”

https://www.dailysabah.com/turkey/tornadoes-hit-northern-parts-of-turkish-cyprus-damage-power-grid/news


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Massive floods hit Crotone, Calabria, Italy November 21 2020.

Video:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d0iwJYfsLL0


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Europe records hottest ever October as climate heating fears grow:

“Europe has recorded its hottest October since records began with temperatures 4C [7F] than the average for this time of the year… The impact of soaring October temperatures in Europe is already having an impact in Arctic waters.”

https://newseu.cgtn.com/news/2020-11-22/Europe-records-hottest-ever-October-as-climate-heating-fears-grow-VBsT4f4T1m/index.html


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Shocking temperatures across the Arctic: The hottest October ever in Europe is now followed by a November weekend with an average of 6,7°C [11,12.5F] above normal across the Arctic.

Heating is continuing to accelerate at an unprecedented speed in the north. The anomalously high temperatures this weekend are following a row of bad news this autumn.”

https://thebarentsobserver.com/en/climate-crisis/2020/11/shocking-temperatures-across-arctic


You can read the previous ‘Climate’ thread here. I’ll be back tomorrow with an ‘Economic’ thread.

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