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“The absence of sea ice in the Arctic is closely connected to the melting of permafrost, according to a new study. Permafrost contains massive amounts of carbon which are likely to be released as climate change heats up the world.

“When this carbon enters the atmosphere as CO2 and methane gas, it will itself contribute to warming the globe. But scientists have now found a historical link between sea ice in the Arctic and the presence or absence of permafrost.

“They say the expected disappearance of Arctic summer ice will speed up the loss of this permanently frozen ground.”

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-51024844


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“Economically, Greenland has some of the largest deposits of so called rare earth metals, such as neodymium, praseodymium, dysprosium and terbium…

“Climate change and specifically warmer temperatures mean that it might become easier to both mine those metals and navigate through the surrounding Arctic Ocean…”

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-51014148


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Unusually mild weather in Finland left the southern part of the Nordic nation with a surprising absence of snow Wednesday and an unusual delay in the start of “thermal winter,” meteorologists said…

“The Baltic Sea has frozen only in parts of the Gulf of Bothnia between Finland and Sweden, the sea’s northernmost arm.”

https://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2020/01/08/world/europe/ap-eu-finland-weather.html


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The Swedish town of Örebro recorded the highest January temperature it had seen since 1858 on Wednesday…

“Sweden has also had an unusually mild winter, which has led to a lack of snow in many parts of the country. Instead, rain and cloud cover have made the season feel darker than normal so far…”

https://www.thelocal.se/20200109/this-swedish-town-just-had-its-hottest-january-day-in-162-years


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Last year was the hottest year in Hungary since 1901, the weather service said, with the national daily mean temperature averaging 12.9 °C, state news wire MTI reports…

“Of the 10 hottest years, eight have been recorded since 2000 in Hungary, where warming has been slightly above the global average…”

https://bbj.hu/energy-environment/2019-hottest-year-in-hungary-since-1901_176382


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Heavy rainfalls over the past few months have done more than unleash devastating floods [UK].

“A landslide caused by heavy rain left three caravan holiday homes teetering on the brink of a cliff at Trimingham, near Cromer on Monday… And over the past six months there have been six landslides on railway lines across Kent and East Sussex.”

https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/devastating-floods-and-also-landslides-and-sinkholes-wqkbxbzr9


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“According to senior engineer at the WDD Marios Hadjicostis this is the first time that water reserves have been so high in January [Cyprus], forcing dam after dam to overflow.

“This is down to a combination of factors: the heavy rainfall this year, but also the existing high water levels at the start of the rainy season in October.”

https://cyprus-mail.com/2020/01/08/all-time-record-as-dam-after-dam-overflows-in-january-updated/


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Harsh winter has arrived in full force across Turkey this week with no improvements to the bad weather expected until at least Friday in most regions.

“A mix of storms, strong winds, rain and snow took its toll on daily life from the western to the southern regions. In the Mediterranean province of Mersin, two people were killed in floods and landslides.”

https://www.dailysabah.com/turkey/2020/01/07/bad-weather-hampers-daily-life-across-turkey-2-dead


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One person was found dead as heavy rainfall caused major floods throughout Israel on Wednesday, while the country braces for a second severe storm within a week…

“Heavy rain will continue to fall in Israel’s north and center throughout the day, accompanied by thunderstorms. Rain is also expected to fall in the northern Negev area, with authorities warning of the region being flooded.”

https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/for-second-time-in-a-week-heavy-storm-pounds-israel-1.8373954


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Last year was Australia’s hottest, driest year ever, according to the annual climate statement of the national Bureau of Meteorology. The conditions have intensified the current wildfires, which are the worst on record.

“The average daytime maximum temperature across Australia in 2019 was 30.7°C , the highest since records began in 1910 and 2.1°C above the usual average.”

https://www.newscientist.com/article/2019-2019-was-australias-hottest-and-driest-year-on-record/


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Residents in the path of bushfires that have ravaged southeastern Australia since September were urged to evacuate again on Thursday as hot and windy conditions threatened to regenerate huge bushfires…

“The unprecedented fire crisis in southeast Australia that has claimed at least 26 lives since September…”

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/01/australians-urged-evacuate-monster-bushfires-regenerate-200109020340596.html


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The United States experienced another year of extreme weather in 2019, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s annual U.S. climate assessment.

“While cold extremes and unusually heavy rains hit the central U.S., heat swelled across the Southeast and it was the warmest year on record in Alaska.”

https://www.cbsnews.com/news/climate-change-noaa-2019-climate-report-billion-dollar-floods-storm-damage/


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Brutal winter weather is about to hit Montana with snow and record cold, rivaling last winter’s historic stretch. There still are a few days until the dangerous cold arrives here in Big Sky Country.

“Thursday will be a little taste of what’s to come as modified arctic air pushes into northern Montana where highs will be in the 0s and 10s. “

https://www.ktvh.com/potential-historic-and-record-cold-coming-to-montana


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Some major warmth will be building across the Eastern U.S. for the weekend and some areas could end up tying or breaking records.

“This is all due to a large trough building acr`oss the Western U.S. allowing for warm air to push North across the Southeast, Mid-Atlantic and New England regions.”

https://www.weathernationtv.com/news/major-warmth-and-record-high-potential-across-the-eastern-u-s-by-friday/


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The last five years on Earth have been hotter than at any time since the industrial revolution kicked off almost two centuries ago.

“That’s the conclusion of Europe’s Copernicus Climate Change Service, which published data on Wednesday showing that global average temperatures since 2015 were some 1.2 degrees Celsius (2.2 degrees Fahrenheit) higher than when steam engines began powering industry.”

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-01-08/earth-s-hotter-than-at-anytime-since-steam-engine-was-invented


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