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This year has been one of the hottest on record, the World Meteorological Organisation has said.

The UN body says the planet has seen a decade of “exceptional” heat – and since 2015, each year has broken records for being the warmest.

“Data from January to October reveals temperatures have been 1.1C above pre-industrial levels, putting 2019 on course to be the second or third-hottest year ever.

“Extreme events, such as cyclones, hurricanes and flooding, have forced millions of people from their homes.

“There have been droughts in many parts of the world and there have also been two major heatwaves in Europe in late June and July – with a new temperature record of 38.7C set in the UK.”

https://news.sky.com/story/2019-set-to-be-one-of-the-hottest-ever-years-on-record-11877004


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“The Cannes region [Southern France], including Mandelieu-La Napoule, was one of the hardest hit as more than 175 mm (7 inches) of rain fell from Sunday into Monday morning triggering severe flooding.

“The region averages around 100 mm (4 inches) of rain for the entire month of December.”

https://www.accuweather.com/en/weather-news/deadly-flooding-strikes-southern-france-for-2nd-time-in-a-week/638206


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“Severe flooding in the south of France has now caused a landslide that has forced the evacuation of an entire village there.

“Torrential rain and flooding have devastated parts of southern France in recent weeks leaving at least a dozen people dead.”

https://www.france24.com/en/video/20191203-entire-village-evacuated-as-severe-flooding-causes-landslide-in-southern-france


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“Rain-triggered disasters, including flash floods and landslides, have killed at least 250 people and affected some three million people across East Africa in recent weeks, with about half of the deaths occurring in Kenya.

“Homes have been demolished, crops destroyed and roads swept away, hampering relief efforts in far-flung areas.”

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-50628420


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“Over 16,000 people have been displaced by flooding in Malaysia‘s eastern states of Terengganu and Kelantan, the Malaysian Department of Social Welfare said on Tuesday (Dec 3).

“The two states, located along the east coast of the Malaysian Peninsular, have seen torrential rain since the start of the monsoon season at the end of October, with Kelantan being the worst hit so far, according to the department.”

https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/more-than-10000-evacuated-as-flooding-hits-two-malaysian-states


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“Typhoon Kammuri, known locally as Tisoy, made landfall on the southeastern part of Luzon, the Philippines‘ most populous island.

“It hit as the equivalent of a Category 4 Atlantic Hurricane, packing maximum sustained winds of nearly 215 kilometers per hour (130 miles per hour). Thousands had evacuated ahead of time.”

https://edition.cnn.com/2019/12/02/asia/typhoon-kammuri-tisoy-updates-intl-hnk/index.html


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“A bushfire emergency has forced the evacuation of a town in Perth’s south [Australia] as the city posts its earliest 40-degree day in December on record.

“The temperature climbed to 41.6 degrees Celsius just after midday, eclipsing the previous record of 40.4C on December 5, 1977.”

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-12-03/perth-hot-weather-smashes-december-heat-record/11762656


“More than 10% of the area covered by New South Wales national parks has been burned in this season’s bushfires, including 20% of the Blue Mountains world heritage area, state government data obtained by Guardian Australia has revealed.”

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/dec/03/revealed-monumental-nsw-bushfires-have-burnt-20-of-blue-mountains-world-heritage-area


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“The devastating impact of the drought in NSW grain-growing regions has been likened to “Armageddon” as a new report says the double-barrel hit from low rainfall and high temperatures in spring have slashed forecasts for Australia’s 2019 winter crops…

“The forecast is down a hefty 13 per cent since September due to deteriorating conditions…”

https://www.smh.com.au/business/the-economy/winter-crop-forecasts-slashed-as-armageddon-drought-bites-20191202-p53g2p.html


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“The bushfires raging across Australia have destroyed homes, turned entire towns orange, and now, painted the snow on some of the South Island’s glaciers [New Zealand] red and pink.

“Smoke and dust from the blazes across the ditch, mixed with persistent westerly winds to create the incredible sight at Mount Aspiring National Park on Friday.”

https://www.stuff.co.nz/travel/travel-troubles/117907806/how-australias-bushfires-turned-new-zealands-snowcapped-glaciers-red


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“A tornado-like wind whipping around a Central Otago lake [New Zealand] rose to around 60 metres, felling trees up to 15m tall.

“A 45-second swirling gust appeared over the Lowburn inlet off Lake Dunstan near Cromwell shortly after 3pm on Tuesday, before crashing into a grove of trees.”

https://www.stuff.co.nz/otago/117915877/wind-storm-flattens-large-trees-on-the-edge-of-central-otagos-lake-dunstan


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“With only a month to go in the year, [Miami‘s] average temperature was just two-tenths of a degree shy of the 2017 average of 79.8 degrees. That’s after smashing the record for the number of days with high temps above 92 degrees and daily low temperatures above 75 degrees, said University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science researcher Brian McNoldy.

“The year already beat 2015 for second hottest.”

https://www.wlrn.org/post/miami-inching-toward-another-record-hot-year


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“Scientists say sea level rise caused by climate change is inevitable. CNN’s Phil Black investigates how this might affect London, one of the world’s most developed cities.”

Video:

https://edition.cnn.com/videos/world/2019/12/02/london-rising-sea-levels-cop25-climate-emergency-paris-agreement-black-pkg-intl-ldn-vpx.cnn


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“”As we see climate change progressing in Greenland, we’re seeing more lakes, and we’re seeing them get larger, and we’re seeing them higher up into the colder section of the ice sheet, and we can see that some of these lakes are beginning to drain,” said Chudley.

“”Potentially we’re increasing the amount of lakes that are draining in new places that we haven’t previously identified,” he warned.”

https://www.sciencealert.com/drones-reveal-the-greenland-ice-sheet-fracturing-in-real-time


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Arctic sea ice this summer was the second lowest on record… AMOC is one of nine critical climate systems that greenhouse-gas-fueled warming is actively pushing toward a tipping point.

“Crossing that threshold in one of these systems could trigger rapid and irreversible changes that drive other systems over the edge—leading to a global tipping cascade with catastrophic consequences for the planet.”

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2019/12/why-ocean-current-critical-to-world-weather-losing-steam-arctic/


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