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“Last month was Earth’s second-hottest October in recorded history, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

“The agency announced Monday that average global land and ocean surface temperatures in October were 1.76 degrees above the 20th century average. This was just 0.11 degrees shy of the record set in October 2015 — the highest since record keeping began in 1880.

““The last time we had a below-average temperature in October was in October 1976,” said Ahira Sánchez-Lugo, a climatologist at NOAA’s National Centers for Environmental Information and author of the agency’s newly released climate report. “We’ve been on an upward swing since then.””

https://www.nbcnews.com/science/environment/last-month-was-second-hottest-october-record-noaa-data-shows-n1085001


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“Arctic sea ice receded to record lows in October, according to data released Monday by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

“Ice coverage recorded in October was 32.2 percent below the 1981-2010 average, according to the NOAA…”

https://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/470918-arctic-sea-ice-coverage-shrinks-to-record-low-noaa


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“The locals in Alaska this summer were not shy about talking about their melting mountaintops, or the collapsing salmon industry. As our native Tlingit cabdriver drove us into Juneau, he pointed out a peak in the far distance.

““That one, it used to be covered with snow all year,” he explained.”

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/iceless-in-alaska/


“From subzero cold in northern Maine to 90s in southern California, enormous temperature contrasts spanned U.S. borders over the weekend. In every corner of the [US] nation, new records were established showing off its enormous diversity of extreme weather…”

https://www.washingtonpost.com/weather/2019/11/18/enclosed-by-extremes-record-heat-cold-touch-every-corner-us/


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“Wildfires and flooding exacerbated by climate change threaten to unleash contaminants from some of the most polluted sites across the United States, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) warned in a report publicly released Monday.

“According to the watchdog agency, about 60 percent of these sites are vulnerable to extreme weather events made worse by a changing climate.”

https://www.theverge.com/2019/11/18/20970979/climate-change-epa-superfund-sites-gao-toxic-pollution


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“Regions around England and Wales are facing record-breaking rainfall that has burst riverbanks and flooded towns. Worcestershire, Gloucestershire, the Midlands, and Yorkshire have all been impacted by floods… A recent study published in Nature connects recent shifts in flood patterns to climate change. The study specifically pointed to increased autumn rainfall in the UK, France and Germany as a result of climate change.”

https://thehill.com/changing-america/resilience/natural-disasters/470991-heavy-rains-cause-floods-in-england


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“Switzerland is set to lose an important water reservoir as the glaciers continue to melt, affecting not only the agricultural sector and hydropower production, but also transport on Europe’s main waterways…

“Glaciers account for about 95% of all the freshwater stored on the planet. It’s therefore hardly surprising that the 1,500 glaciers on Swiss territory are considered crucial reservoirs of drinking water.”

https://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/swiss-glacier-series–0-1-000m-_melting-swiss-glaciers-to-fuel-conflicts-over-water-/45371008


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“Southern Africa faces further drought through March as land preparation and planting of summer crops gets underway, even after most parts of the region received near-normal rainfall through early November, according to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network.”

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-11-19/southern-africa-drought-to-persist-through-march-fews-net-says


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“Pakistan’s worst locust plague in decades has devastated parts of the south west as swarms have ravaged wheat, cotton and vegetable crops, farmers’ leaders said…

“…the insects are hitting some of the poorest rural parts of Pakistan, where malnutrition is already common and farmers are often heavily in debt.”

https://www.telegraph.co.uk/global-health/climate-and-people/food-security-fears-locusts-destroy-crops-pakistans-worst-plague/


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“Population growth and climate change are putting increasingly intense pressure on the planet’s limited water supplies, with worsening shortages emerging from the Middle East to Asia and Latin America, researchers and bankers said on Monday…

“…easing the threat and ensuring more people have access to a stable, safe water supply will be hugely challenging…”

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-climate-change-water-trfn/local-water-scarcity-spilling-over-into-global-crisis-researchers-warn-idUSKBN1XS2KZ


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“Catastrophic fire danger conditions have been declared for much of South Australia for Wednesday, with more than 100 schools closed and at-risk residents told to leave their homes.

“The Bureau of Meteorology has forecast a maximum 42C for Adelaide, while the mercury is expected to reach 45C at Murray Bridge, 44C at Renmark, Port Augusta, Port Lincoln and Whyalla, and 43C at Port Pirie.”

https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2019/nov/19/bushfires-south-australia-braces-for-record-heat-and-catastrophic-fire-danger-on-wednesday


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“Fire tornadoes are set to become a more common feature of the Australian landscape as climate change takes hold later this century.

“That’s according to new research from the University of New South Wales’s Climate Change Research Centre in Sydney, which found the hot, dry and windy conditions that fuel “catastrophic pyrocumulonimbus wildfires” are not only likely to occur more frequently in southeast Australia, but also earlier in the spring and summer.”

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-11-18/more-fire-tornadoes-to-hit-australia-as-climate-change-sets-in


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“Freshwater lakes have been identified as a potential “ticking time bomb” amid fears greenhouse gases contained in the water could double as a result of climate change, scientists have warned.

“A University of Cambridge study found that after adding to the amount of plant matter in the water, a consequence of warmer temperatures, the amount of methane and carbon dioxide increases by an average of 1.5 to 2.7 times.”

https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2019/11/18/lakes-climate-change-ticking-time-bomb-warn-scientists/


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“Climate change is a threat to hundreds of species of endangered animals, but conservationists aren’t taking this into account in their plans to save those at risk.

“For instance, the bull trout – which is regarded as threatened rather than endangered and isn’t one of the 459 species analysed by Delach’s team – needs cold water. So when the wildlife service looked at which areas needed to be protected to save the species, it included only those where water temperatures are projected to remain cold enough for the fish to survive.”

https://www.newscientist.com/article/2223709-plans-to-save-species-from-extinction-are-ignoring-climate-change/


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